Q

Thyroid Cancer

What are symptoms of primary thyroid lymphoma?

A Answers (2)

  • Patients with primary thyroid lymphoma (PTL) typically present with a rapidly growing thyroid mass and may experience hoarseness, difficulty breathing or, less commonly, significant swallowing problems. The growth of the thyroid tends to be much faster in patients with PTL than in those with other thyroid malignancies, with the exception of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. Patients may also present with B symptoms, which are commonly associated with lymphoma. These B symptoms include fevers, night sweats, weight loss, and/or generalized itching. 
  • Unlike most thyroid cancers which do not cause symptoms, thyroid lymphomas tend to grow very quickly (sometimes over a few weeks) and cause compressive symptoms which include difficulty swallowing, food or pills getting "stuck" when they swallow, and pressure or shortness of breath when lying flat. Patients typically notice a firm mass they can feel or a visible mass (i.e. a mass they can see). In some cases, patients may develop hoarseness or difficulty swallowing. Patients with compressive symptoms, enlarged lymph nodes, hoarseness, and/or a rapidly growing mass in the neck, should seek medical evaluation right away.
    As with other forms of lymphoma, patients may develop "B-symptoms" which include weight loss, fevers, night sweats, and total body itchiness.
This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.
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