What is withdrawal?

Howard J. Shaffer, PhD
Addiction Medicine
Withdrawal refers to a range of typical symptoms that vary depending on the substance or activity in question. These symptoms often reflect the opposite of the high. How long withdrawal symptoms last and how severe they are depends on which substance (or activity) a person uses, at what dose, and for how long. The fear of withdrawal symptoms sometimes makes people nervous about stopping or lowering their dose. That's sometimes true even for people who no longer derive pleasure from their object of addiction.

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