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Who can perform permanent makeup procedures?

Arthur W. Perry, MD
Plastic Surgery
Permanent eyeliner was introduced in the 1980s. It is a tattooing technique that permanently draws dark pigment on the upper and lower eyelids, simulating eyeliner. The eyelid must be anesthetized to apply this tattoo safely. Otherwise the patient may jump, causing eyeball puncture by the needle. To protect the eyeball, steel contact lenses must be used.

Anesthetics and steel contact lenses are the province of physicians. Occasional physicians perform the permanent makeup procedure, but most are done by nurses or specially trained individuals. Physicians should supervise the procedures and use sterile tattoo pigment and needles. Permanent cosmetics applied outside of physicians' offices are dangerous.
Straight Talk about Cosmetic Surgery (Yale University Press Health & Wellness)

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Straight Talk about Cosmetic Surgery (Yale University Press Health & Wellness)

The public’s recent exuberance toward cosmetic surgery has spurred an unprecedented demand for appearance-changing procedures. But how can an average consumer discern the hype from solid truth? ...

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.