Children of any age need to be protected from the sun because they are at increased risk for sunburn. If your child is younger than six months, then avoid the direct sun at all costs. Their skin is not ready for sunscreen. Seek shade or stay indoors during the most dangerous sun hours of 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Older children can wear a sunscreen with SPF of at least 30. You should purchase a water-resistant brand if you plan to be at the pool or beach. You need to still reapply it every couple hours even if it is water-resistant, though. Also, hats and sunglasses should be worn to protect the scalp and eyes from sun damage.
3 AnswersDr. Michael Roizen, MD , Internal Medicine, answeredWhile we're not in a position to tell you to flush your cosmetics, we do believe that many women can be brainwashed to believe that makeup is absolutely necessary to improve their appearance. Healthy skin is nature's ultimate cosmetic. Your skin needs to breathe for heat exchange and to get rid of toxins from the sebaceous glands. But your skin can't breathe if it's suffocated by a pancake-thick layer of makeup.
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1 AnswerDr. Anne Fabiny, MD , Geriatric Medicine, answeredDirty clothes, unkempt hair, and other slips in personal hygiene may be a sign of limited energy or abilities. Sometimes they point to bigger issues, such as depression, hidden health problems, or the beginning of dementia or cognitive decline.
Sometimes the change stems from lack of energy, which may be tied to poor nutrition, trouble sleeping, progression of a chronic medical problem, or a new health concern, such as anemia or a thyroid disorder. Other times, medications are at fault.
2 AnswersA sitz bath involves sitting in warm water up to the hips for 15 to 20 minutes. It is used to promote healing of the anal and genital region for ailment such as hemorrhoids and anal fissures, and healing after an episiotomy. A sitz bath can also relieve discomfort due to itching, pain or irritation. Sometimes, medication is added to the sitz bath to aid in healing.
1 AnswerReston Hospital Center answeredCertain people may be more susceptible to sunburns than others. The following characteristics influence the likelihood that you will develop a sunburn:
- Skin color: lighter skin may have trouble protecting itself
- Age: babies and kids are at greater risk than adults
- Time: being outside during peak sun hours increases your risk
- Location: living in a sunny climate or in a higher elevated area may make you more susceptible to sunburns
- Medication: taking medicines with photosensitivity as a side effect can increase your risk for a sunburn.
3 AnswersWhile the process itself is not known in complete detail, UV (ultraviolet) radiation from the sun, mainly UVB rays, causes damage to cells, which leads to cell death. Layers of the skin also thicken as a result of certain types of skin cells dying, and the redness is due to the response of the skin's blood vessels.
4 AnswersThe sun shines light that the human eye can't see, like infrared and ultraviolet. Ultraviolet (UV) light, also known as UV radiation, can be categorized as UVA, UVB, and UVC. UVC waves are blocked by the atmosphere from reaching the earth's surface. UVA can penetrate relatively deeply into skin and as a result can indirectly cause premature aging or lead to the development of certain types of skin cancers. UVB can cause direct damage to DNA in skin cells. A sunburn is essentially a radiation burn, when the DNA and tissue is overly damaged by UV rays.
2 AnswersAurora Health Care answeredIf your child gets sunburned:
- Keep the burned skin covered and out of the sun. After a sunburn, the body produces new skin, and another sunburn increases the skin cancer risk.
- An over-the-counter pain reliever, such as acetaminophen, may help, but first consult your doctor.
- Cool baths with baking soda several times a day help relieve pain.
- Apply a soothing lotion.
- Do not apply petroleum jelly or butter; they do not let air assist in healing.
- Do not wash skin with harsh soap.
- Do not use over-the-counter creams with benzocaine, which often cause reactions in children.