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How do medications treat a pituitary tumor?

In some cases, medications can be used to shrink a pituitary tumor. Drugs that decrease levels of the hormone prolactin can be effectively used when a person has a functioning pituitary tumor that secretes excess prolactin. In fact, these medications often work so well that surgery is not needed in these circumstances. Drugs can also be used to help treat pituitary tumors that secrete growth hormones. Somatosatin analogs will cause growth hormone levels to drop and may shrink tumors on their own. Pegvisomant is also sometimes used to combat growth hormone-releasing tumors, particularly when surgery is not a viable option.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.