Periodontitis

Periodontitis

If you leave gingivitis untreated, it may spread to the ligaments and bones below the gums, becoming periodontitis. The bacterial inflammation causes teeth to lose support. Eventually the teeth will become loose and fall out. Sometimes the infection becomes so severe that it can cause a tooth abscess. This can be quite painful. Antibiotics can help, and treatment for the general condition includes cleaning and improved oral hygiene.

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    Necrotizing periodontitis is an acute infection of the gum tissue that can damage gums, bone, and connective tissue. If not treated, the infection can spread to the cheeks and jaws, causing extensive damage. Necrotizing periodontitis occurs mainly in adults. It is usually only seen in children who have severe system problems, such as malnutrition or a weakened immune system. The signs of necrotizing periodontitis are the same in adults and children and include bleeding, swollen gums, gum recession, pain, and bad breath.
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    A , Prosthodontics, answered
    As its name suggests, juvenile periodontitis affects young people, specifically those who have a virulent type of bacteria that's hard to stop and treat successfully. In many cases, these patients can lose their first molars and front teeth if aggressive periodontal therapy isn't performed. Fortunately, there are microbiological techniques that can isolate the bacteria to make this disease easier for periodontists to diagnose and treat. Treatment involves a microbiological and surgical approach, which along with meticulous home care, often cures this condition.
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    A , Dentist, answered

    Periodontal disease can be diagnosed by your general dentist or a periodontist. This is usually accomplished by taking a full series of x-rays that show the bone level around each individual tooth. This combined with a series of measurements around each tooth will provide a periodontal diagnosis.

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    If you or your dentist cannot detect gum recession by looking, you may feel the tooth along the gum line. A notched feeling will reveal gum recession.
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    Periodontitis is chronic and occurs when plaque by-products lead to the destruction of the tissues that anchor teeth in the bone. As the disease progresses, pockets form and allow more plaque to collect below the gum line. Tooth roots are exposed and may become at risk for decay and are sensitive to cold and touch. In advanced periodontitis, the teeth lose more support as the disease continues to destroy the periodontal ligament and bone. Unless treated, the affected teeth frequently become loose and may fall out or require removal by a dentist.
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    If you have periodontitis, it is important to make dental care a priority in your life. Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss regularly. Additionally, attend regular appointments with your dentist for cleanings and treatments for periodontitis.

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    To treat your periodontitis, your dentist may recommend several professional cleanings or scaling to remove plaque deposits under your gum. You may experience some discomfort, bleeding, and tenderness after your treatment, but it will soon subside. Follow your dentist's oral hygiene recommendations, including scheduled visits, to resolve your periodontitis.
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    If you are caring for someone with periodontitis, make sure the person is practicing good oral hygiene. Good oral hygiene includes brushing twice a day, flossing regularly, and using mouth wash. Someone with periodontitis should also see their dentist regularly for cleanings and treatments.

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    When you fail to brush and floss properly, bacteria remain between the teeth and develop infection and disease. Left untreated, gum disease can progress to periodontitis destroying the bone and soft tissue around your teeth and causing gum recession.
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    A , Dentist, answered

    When gum tissue recedes, the root of the tooth becomes exposed. Since the root is not covered with enamel, this exposed part of the root can be sensitive to hot, cold, sweets, and touch. Since the root surface is softer than enamel, this area of the tooth is more susceptible to decay. See your dentist if your gums have receded. Your dentist may be able to prescribe fluorides to prevent decay and help with tooth sensitivity. 

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