Today, doctors utilize the most advanced techniques to reconstruct the periodontal and gingival tissues. These techniques are both functional (improving your ability to clean your teeth and reducing sensitivity of exposed roots) and cosmetic (allowing for natural appearing restorations with good shape and color).
Periodontal plastic and reconstructive surgery may involve procedures as simple as the minor recontouring of your gums or as complex as multi-staged grafting operations.
Dental crown lengthening may be the solution for a gummy smile or uneven gum line. This procedure often involves the minimally invasive removal of excess gum tissue and sculpting of the gum line. In certain cases, sculpting of the underlying bone is also required in order to achieve the optimal result.
Gum grafting procedures are used to cover exposed roots and to provide adequate supportive tissue for teeth and dental implants. Gum grafting not only helps anchor and protect roots and implants but also allows the clinician to achieve optimal esthetic results. Contemporary esthetic gum grafting techniques use the connective tissue below the surface of the gum, eliminating the post surgical pain associated with earlier techniques.
When a tooth is lost, the jawbone recedes and can result in an indentation in the gums and jawbone that looks unnatural. Ridge augmentation procedures are used to fill in defects in the jawbone, before placing a dental implant and natural looking prosthetic tooth.
Many times the oral maxillofacial surgeon or periodontist will perform a combination of periodontal plastic surgery procedures to achieve the soft and hard tissue framework needed for your restorative-cosmetic dentist, prosthodontist, or implant specialist to create an optimally functioning and esthetic new smile.