Onychoschizia (Nail Splitting)

Onychoschizia (Nail Splitting)

Onychoschizia (Nail Splitting)
Hairdressers, nurses, custodians and others who often are exposed to chemicals can experience onychoschizia, or horizontal splits in their nails. People who frequently use nail polish, nail hardeners and polish removers also are at risk for nail splitting. Learn more about preventing onychoschizia with expert advice from Sharecare.

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    Usually, you can help your onychoschizia simply with better nail care and protection. However, in some cases, doctors may recommend vitamin supplements to improve nail health. One of the most popular medications for nail strength is biotin. Biotin is a vitamin that has been shown to help strengthen nails. Other products that may help onychoschizia are calcium, minerals, and gelatin.
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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    Treatments for onychoschizia (nail splitting) usually start with careful manicuring techniques, such as buffing nails in a vertical direction as opposed to horizontally and gently filing nails to round them when snags and splits occur. Avoiding excessive water exposure by wearing gloves when doing chores can also help minimize nail brittleness. Doctors may also recommend taking a supplement of the B vitamin biotin, which has been shown to improve brittle nails in many people.
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    Onychoschizia occurs when your fingernails begin to split horizontally. Your fingernails are composed of several layers of cells. In an individual with onychoschizia, those layers begin to peel off and split. There are several different causes of onychoschizia, but it usually occurs from constant wetting and drying of the fingernails.
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    Frequent wetting and drying of the fingernails can lead to onychoschizia. Too much water can cause the nails to become soft and fragile, while too little moisture can cause the nails to become dry and breakable. If you have to wash your hands often, make sure to use lotion on your fingernails as you would on your skin to ensure moisture.

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    Onychoschizia can be prevented with better nail care and protection. Nail care includes keeping a healthy moisture level for your nails, protecting your nails from chemicals, using nail-strengthening polishes and products, and being gentler with your nails while filing or buffing. You should take extra precautions if you have a medical condition, like Sjögren syndrome or psoriasis, which could cause onychoschizia.
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    Onychoschizia is not usually serious and can be treated with easy techniques. However, the underlying conditions associated with onychoschizia can be serious. Conditions like Sjögren syndrome, tuberculosis, and psoriasis can be very irritable or life-threatening and should be discussed with your doctor.
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    Onychoschizia is often diagnosed based on symptoms like dry or fragile nails and splitting. Your doctor may also ask you some questions regarding the causes of your condition. If your doctor suspects that an underlying condition may be triggering your onychoschizia, you may require further testing.

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    You can manage your onychoschizia on a daily basis by practicing better nail care and protection. Nail care includes keeping a healthy moisture level for your nails, protecting your nails from chemicals, using nail-strengthening polishes and products, and being gentler with your nails while filing or buffing. Additionally, if your doctor has detected any underlying causes, you should follow his indications for treatment daily.

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    Onychoschizia does not usually affect children. In fact, it is most common in elderly people. If your child does develop onychoschizia, be sure to check that your child has the proper nutrition that they need as onychoschizia is sometimes a sign of deficiencies like anemia. Also, you may want to have your child checked for underlying conditions that cause onychoschizia.

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    Usually onychoschizia can be diagnosed and treated without the help of a doctor. However, you may choose to visit your doctor to figure out if your onychoschizia is being caused by an underlying condition. If you decide to visit your doctor about your onychoschizia symptoms, be sure to discuss the causes, symptoms, treatments, and complications associated with the condition.