Onychoschizia (Nail Splitting)

Onychoschizia (Nail Splitting)

Onychoschizia (Nail Splitting)
Hairdressers, nurses, custodians and others who often are exposed to chemicals can experience onychoschizia, or horizontal splits in their nails. People who frequently use nail polish, nail hardeners and polish removers also are at risk for nail splitting. Learn more about preventing onychoschizia with expert advice from Sharecare.

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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    Treatments for onychoschizia (nail splitting) usually start with careful manicuring techniques, such as buffing nails in a vertical direction as opposed to horizontally and gently filing nails to round them when snags and splits occur. Avoiding excessive water exposure by wearing gloves when doing chores can also help minimize nail brittleness. Doctors may also recommend taking a supplement of the B vitamin biotin, which has been shown to improve brittle nails in many people.
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    Usually, you can help your onychoschizia simply with better nail care and protection. However, in some cases, doctors may recommend vitamin supplements to improve nail health. One of the most popular medications for nail strength is biotin. Biotin is a vitamin that has been shown to help strengthen nails. Other products that may help onychoschizia are calcium, minerals, and gelatin.
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    Onychoschizia is not usually treated with medications. Instead, onychoschizia is treated through better nail care and protection. However, if you have an underlying condition that is causing your onychoschizia, your doctor may prescribe medications to treat that ailment.

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    There are several nail-strengthening products on the market today that you can use to strengthen your nails and prevent onychoschizia. However, you can also strengthen your nails by practicing better all around nail care. This includes keeping a healthy moisture level for your nails, protecting your nails from chemicals, and being gentler with your nails while filing or buffing. Additionally, some researchers also recommend the vitamin biotin, or B7, to increase your nail strength.
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    Nail cosmetics can have both a negative and positive effect on onychoschizia. Products with harsh chemicals can cause your nail to become dry and break. Products with acetone tend to be harsher than those without. Nail-strengthening polish and products, on the other hand, can help to improve your nails and limit your chance of developing onychoschizia.
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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    Onychoschizia, or nail splitting, doesn’t usually pose any health threat to the rest of the body. The most common cause of onychoschizia is frequent wetting and drying of the nails. But like many nail symptoms, onychoschizia can be a clue to a larger problem. If onychoschizia occurs in both the toenails and the fingernails, the cause is more likely due to a medical issue, such as a hormonal condition or nutrient deficiency. Certain medications, including those derived from vitamin A, may cause onychoschizia in some people. If all of your nails are brittle and splitting, talk with your doctor.
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    Split fingernails are a sign of nail weakness. This condition does not generally affect nail health. See your doctor if you are concerned about split fingernails.

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    The best kinds of nail products for those who suffer from onychoschizia are nail-strengthening solutions and polishes. You may also want to use lotion on your nails, since your nails need just as much moisture as your skin. Try not to use harsh chemical treatments like acetone. And if you use nail polish, make sure not to leave it on for more than a week since it can draw the moisture from your fingernails if left on too long. Other researchers recommend taking a Biotin supplement to strengthen your nails.

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    Onychoschizia does not usually affect children. In fact, it is most common in elderly people. If your child does develop onychoschizia, be sure to check that your child has the proper nutrition that they need as onychoschizia is sometimes a sign of deficiencies like anemia. Also, you may want to have your child checked for underlying conditions that cause onychoschizia.

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    You can manage your onychoschizia on a daily basis by practicing better nail care and protection. Nail care includes keeping a healthy moisture level for your nails, protecting your nails from chemicals, using nail-strengthening polishes and products, and being gentler with your nails while filing or buffing. Additionally, if your doctor has detected any underlying causes, you should follow his indications for treatment daily.