Onychoschizia (Nail Splitting)

Onychoschizia (Nail Splitting)

Onychoschizia (Nail Splitting)
Hairdressers, nurses, custodians and others who often are exposed to chemicals can experience onychoschizia, or horizontal splits in their nails. People who frequently use nail polish, nail hardeners and polish removers also are at risk for nail splitting. Learn more about preventing onychoschizia with expert advice from Sharecare.

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    Usually, you can help your onychoschizia simply with better nail care and protection. However, in some cases, doctors may recommend vitamin supplements to improve nail health. One of the most popular medications for nail strength is biotin. Biotin is a vitamin that has been shown to help strengthen nails. Other products that may help onychoschizia are calcium, minerals, and gelatin.
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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    Treatments for onychoschizia (nail splitting) usually start with careful manicuring techniques, such as buffing nails in a vertical direction as opposed to horizontally and gently filing nails to round them when snags and splits occur. Avoiding excessive water exposure by wearing gloves when doing chores can also help minimize nail brittleness. Doctors may also recommend taking a supplement of the B vitamin biotin, which has been shown to improve brittle nails in many people.
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    Onychoschizia does not usually affect children. In fact, it is most common in elderly people. If your child does develop onychoschizia, be sure to check that your child has the proper nutrition that they need as onychoschizia is sometimes a sign of deficiencies like anemia. Also, you may want to have your child checked for underlying conditions that cause onychoschizia.

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    Nearly 20 percent of people develop onychoschizia. Since onychoschizia is often found in conditions that are linked to the X chromosome, onychoschizia is more common in women. Onychoschizia is also problematic for older people, probably because of a lack of nutrients. Also, onychoschizia is found in different occupations like cleaning, medical care, and hairdressing that have frequent exposure to water or hand washing.

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    Onychoschizia is often diagnosed based on symptoms like dry or fragile nails and splitting. Your doctor may also ask you some questions regarding the causes of your condition. If your doctor suspects that an underlying condition may be triggering your onychoschizia, you may require further testing.

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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    Onychoschizia, or nail splitting, doesn’t usually pose any health threat to the rest of the body. The most common cause of onychoschizia is frequent wetting and drying of the nails. But like many nail symptoms, onychoschizia can be a clue to a larger problem. If onychoschizia occurs in both the toenails and the fingernails, the cause is more likely due to a medical issue, such as a hormonal condition or nutrient deficiency. Certain medications, including those derived from vitamin A, may cause onychoschizia in some people. If all of your nails are brittle and splitting, talk with your doctor.
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    Split fingernails are a sign of nail weakness. This condition does not generally affect nail health. See your doctor if you are concerned about split fingernails.

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    The best kinds of nail products for those who suffer from onychoschizia are nail-strengthening solutions and polishes. You may also want to use lotion on your nails, since your nails need just as much moisture as your skin. Try not to use harsh chemical treatments like acetone. And if you use nail polish, make sure not to leave it on for more than a week since it can draw the moisture from your fingernails if left on too long. Other researchers recommend taking a Biotin supplement to strengthen your nails.

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    Onychoschizia can be prevented with better nail care and protection. Nail care includes keeping a healthy moisture level for your nails, protecting your nails from chemicals, using nail-strengthening polishes and products, and being gentler with your nails while filing or buffing. You should take extra precautions if you have a medical condition, like Sjögren syndrome or psoriasis, which could cause onychoschizia.
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    Lamellar dystrophy is another name for onychoschizia. Both these terms refer to the splitting or peeling of the fingernail due to too much moisture or other causes. Lamellar dystrophy and onychoschizia can be treated with simple nail care and protection.