Onychoschizia (Nail Splitting)

Onychoschizia (Nail Splitting)

Onychoschizia (Nail Splitting)
Hairdressers, nurses, custodians and others who often are exposed to chemicals can experience onychoschizia, or horizontal splits in their nails. People who frequently use nail polish, nail hardeners and polish removers also are at risk for nail splitting. Learn more about preventing onychoschizia with expert advice from Sharecare.

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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    Onychoschizia is a condition in which nails split or break easily and become brittle. The most common cause is frequent wetting and drying of nails, which can make them drier and more likely to split. Excessive buffing of nails, filing nails into sharp points rather than rounded edges, and using nails as tools can also lead to breakage and splitting.
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    A , Internal Medicine, answered

    If your nails look like they are better suited for a Halloween party than a black-tie ball, you may have onychoschizia or nail splitting. Nails, like skin and hair, need moisture. When nails are deprived of moisture they can crack and split. Women suffer more because they abuse nails with nail polish and nail polish remover, which makes nails brittle and often dries nails out. But it is also associated with conditions that affect your lung function like hormone diseases, lichen planus, tuberculosis, Sjögren’s syndrome, and malnutrition.

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    The symptoms of onychoschizia involve breakable, splitting nails that are either very dry or soft and flimsy. Usually onychoschizia is not painful, unless your nails peel too far into the nail bed. Although the symptoms are not very severe, onychoschizia can sometimes be a symptom of an underlying condition. These conditions include tuberculosis, Sjogren syndrome, or psoriasis.

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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    Onychoschizia, or nail splitting, doesn’t usually pose any health threat to the rest of the body. The most common cause of onychoschizia is frequent wetting and drying of the nails. But like many nail symptoms, onychoschizia can be a clue to a larger problem. If onychoschizia occurs in both the toenails and the fingernails, the cause is more likely due to a medical issue, such as a hormonal condition or nutrient deficiency. Certain medications, including those derived from vitamin A, may cause onychoschizia in some people. If all of your nails are brittle and splitting, talk with your doctor.
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    Your risk for onychoschizia is increased if you frequently wash and dry your hands. Onychoschizia can also be developed because of frequent nail treatments with harsh chemicals. Conditions like tuberculosis, Sjogren syndrome, malnutrition, and psoriasis can also increase your chances of developing onychoschizia. Since onychoschizia is sometimes linked to the X chromosome, women are often more likely to develop the condition.

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    Onychoschizia is often diagnosed based on symptoms like dry or fragile nails and splitting. Your doctor may also ask you some questions regarding the causes of your condition. If your doctor suspects that an underlying condition may be triggering your onychoschizia, you may require further testing.

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    Usually onychoschizia can be diagnosed and treated without the help of a doctor. However, you may choose to visit your doctor to figure out if your onychoschizia is being caused by an underlying condition. If you decide to visit your doctor about your onychoschizia symptoms, be sure to discuss the causes, symptoms, treatments, and complications associated with the condition.

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    Onychoschizia is not usually treated with medications. Instead, onychoschizia is treated through better nail care and protection. However, if you have an underlying condition that is causing your onychoschizia, your doctor may prescribe medications to treat that ailment.

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    Usually, you can help your onychoschizia simply with better nail care and protection. However, in some cases, doctors may recommend vitamin supplements to improve nail health. One of the most popular medications for nail strength is biotin. Biotin is a vitamin that has been shown to help strengthen nails. Other products that may help onychoschizia are calcium, minerals, and gelatin.
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    Onychoschizia can be prevented with better nail care and protection. Nail care includes keeping a healthy moisture level for your nails, protecting your nails from chemicals, using nail-strengthening polishes and products, and being gentler with your nails while filing or buffing. You should take extra precautions if you have a medical condition, like Sjögren syndrome or psoriasis, which could cause onychoschizia.