Onychoschizia (Nail Splitting)

Onychoschizia (Nail Splitting)

Onychoschizia (Nail Splitting)
Hairdressers, nurses, custodians and others who often are exposed to chemicals can experience onychoschizia, or horizontal splits in their nails. People who frequently use nail polish, nail hardeners and polish removers also are at risk for nail splitting. Learn more about preventing onychoschizia with expert advice from Sharecare.

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    Usually, you can help your onychoschizia simply with better nail care and protection. However, in some cases, doctors may recommend vitamin supplements to improve nail health. One of the most popular medications for nail strength is biotin. Biotin is a vitamin that has been shown to help strengthen nails. Other products that may help onychoschizia are calcium, minerals, and gelatin.
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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    Treatments for onychoschizia (nail splitting) usually start with careful manicuring techniques, such as buffing nails in a vertical direction as opposed to horizontally and gently filing nails to round them when snags and splits occur. Avoiding excessive water exposure by wearing gloves when doing chores can also help minimize nail brittleness. Doctors may also recommend taking a supplement of the B vitamin biotin, which has been shown to improve brittle nails in many people.
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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    Onychoschizia, or nail splitting, doesn’t usually pose any health threat to the rest of the body. The most common cause of onychoschizia is frequent wetting and drying of the nails. But like many nail symptoms, onychoschizia can be a clue to a larger problem. If onychoschizia occurs in both the toenails and the fingernails, the cause is more likely due to a medical issue, such as a hormonal condition or nutrient deficiency. Certain medications, including those derived from vitamin A, may cause onychoschizia in some people. If all of your nails are brittle and splitting, talk with your doctor.
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    Since onychoschizia is often found in conditions that are linked to the X chromosome, onychoschizia is more common in women. Another reason, onychoschizia could be more common in women is because women tend to use harsher treatments on their fingernails. Thus, you should try to use removers and products free of acetone and harsh chemicals.

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    Usually, an individual with onychoschizia can treat the condition on their own without any outside help. However, if you are helping someone with onychoschizia, you should provide them with the information and support they need. You should teach them how to practice good nail care and encourage them to do so on a daily basis. If your loved one is diagnosed with a serious underlying condition, make sure that they follow the indications of their doctor for treatment.

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    The symptoms of onychoschizia involve breakable, splitting nails that are either very dry or soft and flimsy. Usually onychoschizia is not painful, unless your nails peel too far into the nail bed. Although the symptoms are not very severe, onychoschizia can sometimes be a symptom of an underlying condition. These conditions include tuberculosis, Sjogren syndrome, or psoriasis.

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    Onychoschizia occurs when your fingernails begin to split horizontally. Your fingernails are composed of several layers of cells. In an individual with onychoschizia, those layers begin to peel off and split. There are several different causes of onychoschizia, but it usually occurs from constant wetting and drying of the fingernails.
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    The best kinds of nail products for those who suffer from onychoschizia are nail-strengthening solutions and polishes. You may also want to use lotion on your nails, since your nails need just as much moisture as your skin. Try not to use harsh chemical treatments like acetone. And if you use nail polish, make sure not to leave it on for more than a week since it can draw the moisture from your fingernails if left on too long. Other researchers recommend taking a Biotin supplement to strengthen your nails.

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    You can manage your onychoschizia on a daily basis by practicing better nail care and protection. Nail care includes keeping a healthy moisture level for your nails, protecting your nails from chemicals, using nail-strengthening polishes and products, and being gentler with your nails while filing or buffing. Additionally, if your doctor has detected any underlying causes, you should follow his indications for treatment daily.

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    Onychoschizia is often diagnosed based on symptoms like dry or fragile nails and splitting. Your doctor may also ask you some questions regarding the causes of your condition. If your doctor suspects that an underlying condition may be triggering your onychoschizia, you may require further testing.