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How do medications treat trigeminal neuralgia?

Trigeminal neuralgia is often treated using medication. The most common are painkillers, which simply dull the pain. Anticonvulsants, like carbamazepine and phenytoin, can also be effective. They work by steadying activity in damaged nerves. Anticonvulsants may sometimes be used in conjunction with antispasmodic agents, which can help by relaxing your muscles. For temporary relief from severe pain, your doctor might also use a local anesthetic. These can be injected directly into the area being affected to numb the pain.

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