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What is congenital muscular dystrophy?

Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is a condition in which a child's head is tilted to one side and turned toward the opposite side. It is caused by having tight muscles on one side of the neck and weak muscles on the other side of the neck.

Congenital muscular dystrophy is the name for a group of inherited diseases that affect the muscles beginning in very early childhood. In children with congenital muscular dystrophy, genes for muscle function are damaged, resulting in muscle weakness and other problems. Generally, congenital muscular dystrophy affects voluntary muscles in the limbs and torso, which can cause developmental delays and difficulty walking. It can also affect muscles in the heart and brain, leading to learning disabilities or other more severe mental problems. The symptoms and degree of progression for congenital muscular dystrophy vary greatly depending on each child's individual condition.

Continue Learning about Muscular Dystrophy

What is the prognosis of muscular dystrophy (MD)?
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The prognosis varies according to the type of muscular dystrophy (MD) and the speed of progression. ...
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What do I need to know about caring for someone with muscular dystrophy?
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Are there other muscular dystrophy (MD)-like conditions?
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.