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What is congenital muscular dystrophy?

Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is a condition in which a child's head is tilted to one side and turned toward the opposite side. It is caused by having tight muscles on one side of the neck and weak muscles on the other side of the neck.

Congenital muscular dystrophy is the name for a group of inherited diseases that affect the muscles beginning in very early childhood. In children with congenital muscular dystrophy, genes for muscle function are damaged, resulting in muscle weakness and other problems. Generally, congenital muscular dystrophy affects voluntary muscles in the limbs and torso, which can cause developmental delays and difficulty walking. It can also affect muscles in the heart and brain, leading to learning disabilities or other more severe mental problems. The symptoms and degree of progression for congenital muscular dystrophy vary greatly depending on each child's individual condition.

Continue Learning about Muscular Dystrophy

Are there other muscular dystrophy (MD)-like conditions?
Darshan N. Shah, MDDarshan N. Shah, MD
Muscular dystrophy causes progressive weakness of the muscles resulting in difficulty walking, lifti...
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What do I need to know about caring for someone with muscular dystrophy?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)
When caring for someone with muscular dystrophy, it's important to remember that the disease impacts...
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How does muscular dystrophy (MD) affect muscles?
Riverside Center for NeurosciencesRiverside Center for Neurosciences
Muscles are made up of thousands of muscle fibers. Each fiber is actually a number of individual cel...
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What is muscular dystrophy (MD)?
Riverside Center for NeurosciencesRiverside Center for Neurosciences
Muscular dystrophy (MD) refers to a group of more than 30 genetic diseases that cause progressive we...
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