Advertisement

Can an eye test help diagnose multiple sclerosis (MS)?

A simple eye test may one day help diagnose multiple sclerosis (MS) in its earliest stages and enable researchers to evaluate the effectiveness of treatments, according to a study by researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas. The test, optical coherence tomography (OCT), measures thinning of the retina in people with MS.

In the study, OCT was used to track retinal thinning in 299 people with MS between six months and four-and-a-half years. They found significant retinal thinning and a corresponding decrease in visual sharpness during the monitoring. OCT is reliable, easy to use, painless and sensitive to retinal changes over time, the researchers concluded.

An ophthalmologist might someday be able to use OCT to identify retinal thinning during a routine eye exam and consider MS as a prime diagnosis, the researchers said, but that day is likely to be in the distant future.

Continue Learning about Multiple Sclerosis Diagnosis

Getting an MS Diagnosis
Getting an MS Diagnosis
Being diagnosed with multiple sclerosis can be overwhelming. In this video, MS patient Eliz Martin shares the story of her diagnosis, how she stays co...
Read More
What happens after a person is diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS)?
HealthyWomenHealthyWomen
What happens after a person is diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) is impossible to predict since...
More Answers
How is primary-progressive multiple sclerosis diagnosed?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)
Diagnosing primary-progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) isn't easy. Your doctor will most likely be...
More Answers
Who Is Most at Risk for Developing Multiple Sclerosis?
Who Is Most at Risk for Developing Multiple Sclerosis?

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.