What oral care issues are specific to women?

Women have specific oral care needs throughout life. Because of greater hormonal changes compared to men, women's oral health may change during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, menopause, and from some diseases such as osteoporosis and heart disease. Women need to eat balanced meals. Because of their increased risk for gingivitis, gum disease, and cavities, women need to take good care of their teeth and gums and see a dentist at least twice a year. Women often take care of the oral health of their children and sometimes their aging parents, but they should be mindful of their own oral health as well.

Hormonal changes during pregnancy affect a woman's oral health. 

For example, some women develop a condition known as “pregnancy gingivitis,” an inflammation of the gums that can cause swelling and tenderness. Your gums also may bleed a little when you brush or floss. Left untreated, gingivitis can lead to more serious forms of gum disease. Your dentist may recommend more frequent cleanings to prevent this.
Your dentist can consult with your physician to determine the drugs, such as painkillers or antibiotics; you may safely take during the pregnancy.

In some women, overgrowths of tissue called “pregnancy tumors” appear on the gums, most often during the second trimester. These non-cancerous growths or swellings are usually found between the teeth and are believed to be related to excess plaque.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.