Mental Health Therapies

Mental Health Therapies

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    A , Addiction Medicine, answered
    A support group universalizes for its members that they are not alone in terms of the problems that the group deals with.  It also offers the opportunity for members to experience interpersonal learning.  It does so by providing a forum in which to receive feedback from one's peers about things they do that positively or negatively impact their relationships within the group.  Support groups also provide its members the opportunity to practice altruism which will positively impact the self-esteem of those group members who feel like they no longer have anything to offer anyone or the world around them. Support groups pay many dividends to be sure. I, however, think the opportunity to practice altruism is the most subtle yet powerful and life affirming of the many things groups have to offer.
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    Support groups consist of people dealing with the same problems or issues.  In this nurturing environment, members can feel more comfortable opening up and discussing what's on their minds.  Members provide encouragement and share resources.  There are many types of support groups including cancer survivors, recovering substance abusers, new mothers, as well as exercise and weight loss groups.  Consult your local phone directory, newspaper or the Internet to find a support group near you.  Your doctor or local hospital may also be able to provide you with information.   

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    A answered
    Proponents of interpersonal therapy (IPT) suggest that experiences in interpersonal relationships may play a role both in the onset and maintenance of depression. IPT is a brief, standardized (15–20 sessions) treatment approach that emphasizes the relationships between mood and experiences in the person's interpersonal relationships.

    IPT intervention consists of identifying and ameliorating difficulties in interpersonal functioning associated with the patient's current depression. The therapist helps the patient recognize associations between mood and interpersonal experiences in one of four potential problem areas:
    • unresolved grief
    • interpersonal disputes
    • difficult role transitions
    • interpersonal deficits (e.g., social isolation or inadequate social skills)

    Psychodynamic-interpersonal psychotherapy is similar to IPT but makes more use of the relationship between therapist and client in the therapeutic work. Both IPT and psychodynamic-interpersonal psychotherapy may be as effective as either tricyclic antidepressant medication or cognitive-behavioral therapy in the treatment of major depressive disorder.

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    A , Addiction Medicine, answered
    The main focus of a support group is to provide a forum to practice new behaviors and learn new responses to varying types problems.  It may also allow one to practice looking at and role playing accountability for one's actions or inactions in life. In this way the group member begins to garner new and better coping mechanisms for dealing with whatever problems brought them to the group in the first place.
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    Interpersonal therapy is a form of psychotherapy, a mental health therapy that emphasizes on interpersonal skills with your social support system including family, colleagues and friends. The therapy concentrates on conflict that arises out of discrepancy in expectations between two individuals. It aims to overcome social isolation and better relationships in society through communication and behavioral change.

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    Many patients who are in pain feel the emotional effects of suffering along with the physical aspects of pain. These may include feelings of anger, sadness, hopelessness or despair. In addition, pain can alter one's personality, disrupt sleep, interfere with work and relationships and often have a profound effect on family members. Support and counseling from a psychiatrist or psychologist, combined with a comprehensive pain treatment program, may be needed to help you manage your condition. These trained professionals also can teach you additional self-help therapies such as relaxation training or biofeedback to relieve pain, lessen muscle spasms and reduce stress. 
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    Mental health therapy, very often, is associated with social stigma. Stereotypes associated with mental illnesses continue to persist, and can sometimes lead to discriminatory behavior at educational institutes, offices, and at home. This is unfortunate because it may stop someone from seeking the treatment that could help them.

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    A mental health therapy is a treatment option for a mental illness or a mental disorder and includes somatic and psychotherapeutic treatment. A mental illness is characterized by a persistent pattern of unusual behavior, feelings, thoughts, and actions. So if you suffer from unrelenting depression, hyperventilation, delusions, and obsessive actions, it is time to see a mental health practitioner.

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    People with mental illness can be helped by several different kinds of therapists. Primary care physicians often treat patients who have mild mental health problems. Psychiatrists are physicians who have special training in treating mental illness. They can prescribe drugs and other treatments and admit patients to mental hospitals. Psychologists have advanced training in treating mental illness. They can provide psychotherapy (talk therapy) but can't prescribe drugs. Psychiatric social workers have advanced training, usually in a specific therapeutic area such as family therapy. For people with severe mental illness, a team of several different practitioners may be needed.

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    A , Psychology, answered
    Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is an "acceptance-based" therapy that is increasingly used to treat a remarkable range of psychological difficulties. While it doesn't explicitly teach mindfulness meditation (awareness and acceptance of your present experience), ACT helps people to see that their thoughts are just thoughts, rather than reality, and to see themselves as the observer of the thoughts rather than as the "thinker." It also helps patients to accept their constantly changing kaleidoscope of pleasant and unpleasant experiences and to redirect their lives toward whatever provides meaning. ACT has been shown to lower the need for rehospitalization of psychotic patients, lessen social anxiety, reduce disability due to pain, aid smoking cessation, and reduce high-risk adolescent sexual behavior.
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