How do I know if I'm eligible for a kidney transplant?

To determine if you are eligible for a kidney transplant from either a living donor or a deceased donor, your blood is tested so that you can be matched with a proper donor. These blood tests are:
  • Blood type. This will tell you if you are an A, O, B, or AB type. The Rh factor, which shows whether you are positive or negative is not checked.
  • Tissue typing. This is the DNA or genetic testing.
  • Antibody testing. This checks the level of the antibodies in your blood. Antibodies protect your body from something that does not belong in your body. The higher antibody level you have, the harder your body fights off things that do not belong there. This can make it harder to find an organ for you.
You may also need more tests such as x-rays or an electrocardiogram (EKG). The transplant team will also check you medically, psychosocially and financially to make sure everything is fine.
At NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, evaluation for transplantation entails extensive testing including numerous blood tests, cardiac testing such as stress test and echochardiogram, and screening such as pap smear, mammogram, and colonoscopy. Psychological, social, and nutrition evaluations are also performed. Tests may vary depending on patients' medical history.

Information from all of these tests and interviews is used to determine whether a patient is eligible for kidney transplantation. If the team establishes that transplantation is a viable option, the patient is then registered on the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) waiting list.

Continue Learning about Kidney Transplant

Kidney Transplant

One of the most common transplant procedures in the United States, kidney transplantation is a treatment option for those with advanced and permanent kidney failure. The first kidney transplant was performed in the 1950s, and sinc...

nce then doctors have learn much about minimizing the side effects of medications and how to prevent the body from rejecting the new organ. Healthy kidneys remove wastes and excess fluids from blood, which balances out the chemicals in the blood and keep it clean. When the kidneys fail, the body is unable to remove the harmful wastes and they could damage the body. Kidney transplantation is not for everyone. Certain conditions make the procedure too dangerous or unlikely to be successful.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.