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What is a cystocele?

Dr. Kevin W. Windom, MD
OBGYN (Obstetrician & Gynecologist)

A cystocele, otherwise known as a prolapsed bladder, is when there is a hernia or tear in the connective tissue between the bladder and the vagina. The bladder protrudes into the vagina causing pelvic pressure, pelvic pain, at times inadequate bladder emptying, and a feeling of fullness.

Cystocele is a condition where the bladder falls down into the vaginal opening.

Dr. Janet E. Tomezsko, MD
OBGYN (Obstetrician & Gynecologist)

A cystocele is a loss of the vaginal support of the bladder. The bladder is held up by the ceiling of the vagina. When this area collapses or "prolapses" a bulge in the vaginal wall may develop.

Patients may have no symptoms, or may feel a bulge or pressure in the vaginal area. Prolapse is not usually painful.

The cystocele may or may not be associated with urinary incontinence, or difficulty emptying the bladder.

A cystocele should be treated when bothersome by a pessary (a device like a diaphragm that goes in the vagina to support the bulge) or a corrective surgery.

A cystocele (prolapsed bladder) is when a woman’s bladder sags down into the vagina. It does this when the wall of tissue between the bladder and the vagina gets weak. The sagging bladder can stretch the opening of the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine out of the body. This can cause urine to leak when you cough, sneeze or lift something heavy. A cystocele can also cause discomfort in the pelvis and make it hard to fully empty your bladder.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.