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What are the possible complications of fertility treatment?

Fertility treatment can cause complications, like getting pregnant with more than one baby, having premature birth (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) and having a baby with birth defects. If you have fertility treatment, there are ways to help you get pregnant with just one baby. This can help reduce the risk of pregnancy complications. Learn more at: marchofdimes.org/fertility
Many methods used to treat infertility may have serious risks and complications. The most common complication of any fertility treatment, including fertility drugs and assisted reproductive technology procedures, is multiple pregnancies. Having more fetuses increases the risk for premature birth and other health issues for the babies. In some cases of multiple fetuses, couples may decide to remove one or more. This may cause ethical and emotional concerns, so you should talk to your doctor about the options. Fertility treatments may affect the developing fetus in other ways, including birth defects or a low birth weight, which are both also problems associated with higher numbers of fetuses at once. Other complications of fertility treatment may include risks to the mother, including ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, which in rare cases causes severe abdominal pain and rapid weight gain. Other problems with infertility may involve bleeding and infection. Because of the potential risks, it's important to talk to your doctor about any questions you have before beginning any kind of fertility treatment.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.