Who is at risk for sepsis?

Diana Meeks
Diana Meeks on behalf of Sigma Nursing
Family Practitioner

There are many factors that can increase your risk for sepsis. The most common risk factor is a weak immune system, which cannot fight off infections. Weakened immune systems are more likely to be found in infants, people over the age of 65, pregnant women, or anyone who has a disease that would affect their ability to fight off infections. Your risk is also increased if you have any medical device inserted in your body because this is an easy way to introduce bacteria into the body.

People who are at greatest risk for sepsis are those with autoimmune diseases and the elderly.

Children, the elderly, people who are obese, and people who have a weakened immune system or are being treated for chronic conditions, such as type 2 diabetes, kidney disease and asthma, are most at risk of contracting sepsis. In any case, your chances of developing sepsis are slim. When people do develop sepsis it is usually because of less-than-perfect sanitary conditions. The most common sites of hospital-borne infections that lead to sepsis include intravenous lines, surgical openings (e.g., incisions and drains) and anywhere else the skin is compromised (think bedsores).

Dr. Leigh Vinocur, MD
Emergency Medicine Specialist

Those at greater risk of getting sepsis than the general population are the very young and the very old, as well as those with compromised immune systems. It is especially common in people in intensive care units who are already very ill. Contributing factors are believed to be our aging population, overuse of antibiotics and emerging resistant bacteria and increasing numbers of survivors with weaker immune systems from multiple other disease, such as diabetes, transplants and cancer.

People with compromised immune systems who aren't in the best health are at a higher risk for sepsis.

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