How does hydrocephalus affect children differently than adults?

Aria Fallah, MD
In small children and infants, hydrocephalus can affect the head by increasing its size to accommodate the excess fluid buildup. Hydrocephalus may also slow growth in children as well have an impact on facial formation and eye spacing.

Hydrocephalus is more commonly seen in infants and children than it is in adults. Two out of every 1,000 infants born in the U.S. have hydrocephalus. Hydrocephalus may result from some common birth defects, including myelomeningocele, the most common form of spina bifida. In children hydrocephalus can cause an increase in the size of the head and delays in development.

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