Advertisement

What is tumor lysis syndrome?

Tumor lysis syndrome is a condition caused by the destruction of a large number of tumor cells and the release of their contents into the bloodstream. It occurs most commonly when potent chemotherapy is used for hematologic cancers, especially acute leukemias and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It causes high levels of potassium, uric acid, and phosphate, and low levels of calcium in the blood. The abnormal potassium and calcium levels can cause seizures and changes in heart rhythm, which may lead to cardiac arrest. Kidney impairment or even failure can occur because of uric acid crystals or calcium-phosphate stones collecting in the kidneys. Tumor lysis syndrome is a very serious condition that requires prompt and appropriate treatment by a doctor.

Continue Learning about Hematologic/Blood Cancers

Must-Know Multiple Myeloma Facts
Must-Know Multiple Myeloma Facts
Just over 30,000 people will be diagnosed with multiple myeloma in the United States this year—despite being the second most common blood cancer, mult...
Read More
Why Remission Doesn’t Mean Treatment Is Over
Why Remission Doesn’t Mean Treatment Is Over
Despite huge advances in treatment protocols in recent years, multiple myeloma remains, unfortunately, an incurable disease. What does that mean for p...
Read More
Is a remission the same as a cure for my hematologic cancer?
Sigma NursingSigma Nursing
Unfortunately, a remission for your hematologic cancer is not the same as a cure. Remission is the t...
More Answers
What are the side effects of stem cell transplants for hematologic cancer?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)
Most of the side effects experienced by people who receive stem cell transplantations for hematologi...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.