Advertisement

When is an aortic valve replacement done?

The most common valve operation is aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis. The aortic valve resides deep within the heart and regulates the blood supply to all of the major vessels of the body. In aortic stenosis, the aortic valve tightens or narrows, preventing blood from easily flowing through. Aortic stenosis may manifest itself along with other heart problems such as coronary artery blockages or other valvular disease.

Aortic insufficiency may also require aortic valve replacement. With aortic insufficiency, the aortic valve no longer adequately retains blood, allowing leakage through the valve back into the heart. Aortic insufficiency can lead to heart failure.

Surgical options for either aortic stenosis or insufficiency include the implantation of a mechanical valve, a tissue valve, or your own valve (the Ross procedure). The type of valve used typically depends on the severity of symptoms and other individual health concerns, such as age and the use of blood thinners. The procedure may require a sternotomy (opening of the chest bone) or, in select cases, may be performed through a minimally invasive approach, using a series of small incisions.

Continue Learning about Heart Disease Treatment

What Is the Most Beneficial Kind of Exercise to Reverse Heart Disease?
What Is the Most Beneficial Kind of Exercise to Reverse Heart Disease?
Take 30 minutes each day Can you spare 30 minutes a day to improve your heart health? Walking for just 30 minutes a day, or for 60 minutes every oth...
Read More
How is type B aortic dissection treated?
Columbia University Department of SurgeryColumbia University Department of Surgery
The traditional therapy for type B aortic dissections is aggressive control of blood pressure, with ...
More Answers
What types of heart diseases are treated with interventional cardiology?
Blake Medical CenterBlake Medical Center
Interventional cardiologists most often treat blockages of the heart, though they may treat blockage...
More Answers
Why Is Heart Disease Harder to Treat in Women?
Why Is Heart Disease Harder to Treat in Women?

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.