Healthy Kidneys & Urinary System
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What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?

For many, bladder control issues can be easily treated. See how much you know about causes and cures for incontinence.

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What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 1 of 20 Correct

Which of these might cause incontinence?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. Any of these may cause incontinence by putting pressure on the bladder, resulting in urine leakage.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 2 of 20 Correct

True or false: Urge incontinence is the same thing as overactive bladder.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Overactive bladder or urge incontinence causes a loss of urine for no apparent reason while suddenly feeling the need to urinate. Involuntary bladder contractions are the most common cause.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 3 of 20 Correct

In men, urinary incontinence can be caused by which of the following?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Prostate diseases like prostatitis, an enlarged prostate or prostate cancer can cause a loss of bladder control. However, incontinence can also be caused by bladder infections, bladder stones, stress or brain and spinal cord disorders.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 4 of 20 Correct

True or false: Incontinence can affect both men and women in any age group.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Incontinence can affect men and women in any age group, but it is more common in women and the elderly.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 5 of 20 Correct

What tests are used to diagnose incontinence?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: A urinalysis can be analyzed for bacteria, blood or other abnormalities. An ultrasound, cystoscopy, or stress test might be advised as well.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 6 of 20 Correct

What causes stress incontinence?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Stress incontinence is caused by weakness of the pelvic muscles, the connective tissues and/or nerves controlling the pelvic floor or urethral sphincter.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 7 of 20 Correct

True or false: Surgery is more effective in correcting stress incontinence.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Surgery works to cure stress incontinence better than any other treatment. It is done less often for urge incontinence and is less effective.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 8 of 20 Correct

What percentage of incontinence in women is stress incontinence?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Forty to fifty percent of women with incontinence problems suffer from stress incontinence.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 9 of 20 Correct

True or false: It may take three to six months to see improvement after treatment for incontinence.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Results will vary, but urge incontinence usually takes two to six weeks to see improvement. Stress incontinence takes approximately four to six weeks after therapy.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 10 of 20 Correct

Which of these increases the risk of having incontinence?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. Being overweight and smoking also are risk factors for urinary incontinence.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 11 of 20 Correct

True or false: Frequent bladder infections are not a risk factor for urinary incontinence.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Frequent bladder infections are a risk factor for urinary incontinence, as are pelvic surgery, prostrate trouble in men or having carried a pregnancy to term.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 12 of 20 Correct

Which of the following may be a cause of functional incontinence?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Loss of mobility may be a cause of functional incontinence. People with functional incontinence have no problems with bladder function and control but are unable to reach a bathroom in time. The elderly in acute care or long-term care facilities suffer the most from functional incontinence.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 13 of 20 Correct

True or false: Physical therapy is used to treat urinary incontinence.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Pelvic floor rehabilitation is a sub-specialty of physical therapy. Such treatment involves specific exercises, evaluation and patient education.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 14 of 20 Correct

Which of the following are treatments for incontinence?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. In addition, other physical therapies, behavioral therapy or hormone creams may be used to treat urinary incontinence.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 15 of 20 Correct

True or false: Pelvic floor exercises are very effective in treating stress or urge incontinence.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Most patients notice a 50 to 70 percent improvement in symptoms. The most common type is known as Kegel exercises.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 16 of 20 Correct

What type of specialist should be seen regarding incontinence after a primary care physician?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: A urogynecologist specializes in female urologic and gynecologic problems and would be your best bet if you are a woman. If you are male with incontinence, your physician may refer you to a urologist or geriatrician.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 17 of 20 Correct

How does smoking affect the bladder and contribute to incontinence?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Nicotine can cause symptoms of overactive bladder by increasing bladder contractions. Smokers also cough violently and frequently, which can weaken pelvic muscle supports for the bladder.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 18 of 20 Correct

True or false: Holding in urine during the day will help strengthen my bladder.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. During the day, you should go to the bathroom when you need to: every 2-3 hours is about right for a healthy adult.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 19 of 20 Correct

True of false: Avoiding caffeine, carbonated beverages, artificial sweeteners, alcohol, tomatoes and citrus may help my bladder control.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Drinking lots of fluids are going to fill the bladder and cause urgency, but these specific dietary items may over-stimulate it in other ways.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
Question 20 of 20 Correct

What can I do to avoid incontinence as I age?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above are key to avoiding incontinence as you age. You should also avoid bubble baths and soaps that may irritate the uretha. Carbonated beverages and spicy foods may make symptoms worse as well.

What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
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What's Causing My Leaky Bladder?
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Healthy Kidneys & Urinary System

Your kidneys are shaped like beans and are about the size of your fist. They play a vital role in keeping the chemicals and water in your body balanced. Your urinary system removes a waste called urea from your blood after the foo...

d you eat is broken down in your body. Problems can occur in your kidneys and urinary system from aging, from illnesses or from injury. These problems can range from minor to life-threatening. If you're having kidney or urinary tract problems, you should see your doctor for an evaluation.
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