Advertisement

What are the main types of genetic disorders?

Diana Meeks
Diana Meeks on behalf of Sigma Nursing
Family Practitioner

Genetic disorders can be grouped into three different categories. Single gene disorders result from a change or mutation in a single cell. Cystic fibrosis is an example of this type of disorder. Chromosome disorders are caused by too few or too many genes located on chromosomes, or other changes in chromosomes. Down syndrome is a type of chromosome disorder. Small changes in genes along with environmental factors cause complex, or multifactorial, disorders. Both cancer and heart disease fall into this third category of genetic disorders.

Continue Learning about Genetic Disorders

The 4 Best Ways to Get Help for Hereditary Angioedema
The 4 Best Ways to Get Help for Hereditary Angioedema
If you’re living with hereditary angioedema, a condition characterized by episodes of severe swelling in the limbs, face, airways and digestive tract,...
Read More
What is an X-linked recessive condition?
Dr. Jeanne Morrison, PhDDr. Jeanne Morrison, PhD
Duchenne muscular dystrophy, hemophilia and color-blindness are examples of an X-linked recessive co...
More Answers
How is a urea cycle disorder (UCD) treated?
Jumo HealthJumo Health
To treat a urea cycle disorder (UCD), it's important to have the right food balance so that ammonia ...
More Answers
What are the complications of congenital scoliosis?
Luke Macyszyn, MDLuke Macyszyn, MD
Complications of congenital scoliosis include problems with the heart, cardiovascular system or lung...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.