What types of viruses are used in gene therapy?

Dr. Jeanne Morrison, PhD
Family Practitioner

Many gene therapy clinical trials rely on retroviruses to deliver the desired gene. Other viruses used as vectors include adenoviruses, adeno-associated viruses, lentiviruses, poxviruses, and herpes viruses. These viruses differ in how well they transfer genes to the cells they recognize and are able to infect, and whether they alter the cell's DNA permanently or temporarily. Thus, researchers may use different vectors, depending on the specific characteristics and requirements of the study.

This answer is based on source information from the National Cancer Institute.

Continue Learning about Genetic Disorders Treatment

Is gene therapy available to treat genetic disorders?
Dr. Jeanne Morrison, PhDDr. Jeanne Morrison, PhD
Gene therapy has not yet been approved as a safe treatment for genetic disorders and other condition...
More Answers
Is gene therapy for genetic disorders safe?
Diana MeeksDiana Meeks
Medical researchers are conducting tests to find out whether gene therapy will be a safe treatment f...
More Answers
What risks are associated with current gene therapy trials?
Dr. Jeanne Morrison, PhDDr. Jeanne Morrison, PhD
Viruses can usually infect more than one type of cell. Thus, when viral vectors are used to carry ge...
More Answers
How does gene therapy treat genetic disorders?
Dr. Jeanne Morrison, PhDDr. Jeanne Morrison, PhD
Gene therapy, an experimental procedure, uses genes in preventing and treating various diseases. Med...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.