Gastrointestinal Agent

Gastrointestinal Agent

Gastrointestinal Agent
Gastrointestinal drugs treat nausea, diarrhea, and ulcers. Some of these drugs are classified as antcholinergics, antidarrrheals, and antiulcer medications.

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    The media buzz and attack on proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are almost nonstop. They say PPIs could cause bone fractures, low magnesium or even heart attacks, but there is no bottom-line cause and effect. If you have a good reason to regularly use PPIs, then you should be using them. Notwithstanding, any prolonged use of PPIs should be under the strict guidance of your doctor.

    The consequences of not taking proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) if you need them can be serious. One result can be long-term inflammation of the esophagus (esophagitis), which increases the risk of precancerous cells in the esophagus. Severe cases of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can lead to a condition called Barrett’s esophagus. That’s when your esophagus grows tissue resembling the tissue found in the lining of your intestine.
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    Belbuca (buprenorphine) is a powerful opioid painkiller for the management of severe, constant pain that cannot be managed by nonopioid painkillers. Belbuca comes in a film that is applied on the inside of the cheek, twice a day. The film dissolves within half an hour. Patients must avoid eating or drinking until the film has dissolved. Side effects may include gastrointestinal problems (constipation, nausea, etc.), seizures in patients with seizure disorders, poor motor control, and sleepiness. Opioid painkillers have a serious risk of addiction, overdose, and may cause life-threatening breathing problems, especially if combined with other depressants like alcohol. Pregnant women, nursing mothers, and patients with severe asthma, a history of substance abuse problems, gastrointestinal blockage, or sensitivity or allergy to buprenorphine may be cautioned against taking Belbuca. 
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    A , Pharmacy, answered
    Yes, the generic of Symmetrel is called amantadine. It is available in tablet, liquid and capsule forms. 

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    A , Pharmacy, answered
    Robinul Forte (glycopyrrolate) is a prescription medication used in combination with other drugs to treat peptic ulcers in adults. It can also be used to control the excessive saliva that troubles some people with the motor neuron disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) -- also known as Lou Gehrig's disease -- and to treat excessive sweating. It is in a class of medications called anticholinergics and works by decreasing stomach acid production and secretions of certain other organs. Robinul Forte is available only in a 2 milligram (mg) tablet.
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    The pancreas releases the digestive juices (enzymes) needed to take nutrients out of our food and put them into our body. To do this, the pancreas has a complicated system of ducts that collect and transport digestive enzymes. Through these ducts, the enzymes are led to the duodenum, the upper part of the small intestine. The nutrients of the food are then absorbed in the small intestine.
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    A , Pharmacy, answered
    Phenergan VC is a combination of the drugs Phenylephrine and Promethazine, a decongestant and antihistamine, respectively. This brand name drug is given to people who suffer from cold or allergy symptoms like runny nose, congestion, and sneezing. The prescription medication cures these symptoms by shrinking the blood vessels in the sinuses and reducing the production of histamine, a chemical that often causes allergic reaction symptoms.
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    A , Pharmacy, answered
    Tegaserod maleate treats severe, chronic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). As an IBS treatment, tegaserod maleate is only prescribed to women with constipation, not diarrhea. As a treatment for chronic constipation, tegaserod maleate is only prescribed to men and women under 55 years of age. Tegaserod maleate increases levels of seratonin in the intestines, which speeds movement of stools through the system. It is prescribed under the brand name Zelnorm.
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    A , Pharmacy, answered
    Methylnaltrexone is an injectable treatment for opiate-induced constipation. It can be used by people in the advanced stages of illness who have not responded to laxatives. Methylnaltrexone works by blocking the constipation effect without reducing the medicine's pain-relieving qualities. It is available by prescription only, sold under the brand name Relistor.

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    A , Pharmacy, answered
    Atropine is mainly used to open (or dilate) the pupil of your eye before an eye exam. The black part of your eye will become very large and will be very sensitive to light. Atropine can also be used as an eye drop or eye ointment for eye pain if your eye is swollen or inflamed. Atropine is a prescription medication that should be used only in a medical office or by the person who has received the medication.

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    A , Gastroenterology, answered
    Tegaserod (brand name Zelnorm) is a 5-HT4 agonist designed to treat constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (C-IBS). C-IBS involves infrequent bowel movements, hard or lumpy stools, a sensation of incomplete rectal evacuation and excessive straining. It should be a promising treatment for C-IBS, but it has not yet been approved for use in the United States by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Scientific studies have shown that if side effects do occur, they are minor (headache, diarrhea). No cases of ischemic colitis have been reported.