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What are the different types of memory?

There are many different types of memory. One type, called procedural memory (remembering an organized procedure such as how to tie your shoes) is quite durable and the last to go. The other main type, declarative memory, is more vulnerable to disruption. This type of memory allows you to declare what you know: to recall and express information. Both types of memory are dependent on the adequate function of various parts of the brain, including the higher centers of the brain called the cortex. One part of the brain cortex, which is very vulnerable to stress, is called the hippocampus. Over time, high levels of anxiety, depression, and other stresses can actually shrink this part of the brain. And while it can recover (it takes time), it is best to deal with the problem as soon as possible.
Dawn Marcus
Neurology
The different types of memory are:
  • Working short-term memory: Memory over approximately 30 seconds combined with another mental task. For example: doing mental arithmetic.
  • Episodic long-term memory: Remembering specific events. For example: Remembering items on a grocery list.
  • Semantic memory: Recalling facts. For example: Playing word or trivia games.
  • Attention: Focusing on one thing when there are other distractions. For example: Being able to multitask
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The Woman's Fibromyalgia Toolkit tells readers what they need to know to take control of fibromyalgia symptoms. It includes step-by-step instructions for using effective non-drug treatments,...

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.