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How do I perform CPR on a child or an adult?

AFTER CHECKING THE SCENE AND THE INJURED OR ILL PERSON:

1: GIVE 30 CHEST COMPRESSIONS
  • Push hard, push fast in the center of the chest at least 2 inches deep and at least 100 compressions per minute.
[media id="PRD__4d8a2d78819a08_05894222" title="Hand placement for compression on adult"]

 Tip: The person must be on a firm, flat surface.

2: GIVE 2 RESCUE BREATHS
  • Tilt the head back and lift the chin up. 
  • Pinch the nose shut then make a complete seal over the person’s mouth. 
  • Blow in for about 1 second to make the chest clearly rise. 
  • Give rescue breaths, one after the other. 
  • If chest does not rise with rescue breaths, retilt the head and give another rescue breath.



3: DO NOT STOP
Continue cycles of CPR.
Do not stop except in one of these situations:
  • You find an obvious sign of life, such as breathing.
  • An AED is ready to use. 
  • Another trained responder or EMS personnel take over. 
  • You are too exhausted to continue. 
  • The scene becomes unsafe.

TIP: Any time you see an obvious sign of life, stop CPR and monitor breathing and for any changes in condition.

4: WHAT TO DO NEXT
  • Use an AED as soon as one is available.
  • If breaths do not make the chest rise after retilting the head, give care for unconscious choking.
American Red Cross, face shield, tilt head, open airway, mouth to mouth, give breaths
Dr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease)
You can save someone's life with CPR by repeatedly giving two mouth-to-mouth breathes and 30 compressions to the chest.

To learn more about the proper way to give CPR, watch as Dr. Oz and Jones Beach lifeguard Kerry Epstein demonstrate CPR on a dummy in this video.



Used when breathing or heartbeat has ceased, CPR can save lives. Those trained in CPR should do 30 chest compressions and two rescue breaths for as long as they can continue or until emergency help arrives. However, if you aren't formally trained in CPR or haven't been trained for a long time, do chest compressions on an adult at a rate of approximately 100 per minute (CPR for children and babies is different). To perform chest compressions, put your hand's heel in the center of the chest and place your other hand on top. Lock your elbows and use all of your upper body weight to push down on the chest. If you are unsure of your abilities or training, you do not have to perform CPR. However, in most cases, even doing something - like the 100 chest compressions per minute - is better than nothing and could save someone's life.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.