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How should I do hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)?

Dr. Michael Roizen, MD
Internal Medicine
Here's a short course on hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) steps to take in an emergency:
  1. Check to make sure the person has stopped breathing and has no heartbeat. If the person moves or pushes you away, stop administering CPR.
  2. Dial 911.
  3. Placing one of your hands on top of the other, put a palm against the person's breastbone (right in the middle of the chest) and push down hard and rapidly. The chest should compress about 2 inches. Press at least 100 times a minute or more.
  4. Keep doing chest compressions until you are too tired or until help arrives. If CPR is started within 4 minutes of collapse and defibrillation (i.e., electric shock with the paddles) is given within 10 minutes, a person has a 40% chance of survival.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.