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What is a urethrocele (urethral prolapse)?

A urethrocele occurs in women when the urethra (the tube from the urinary bladder to the outside) prolapses or descends downward into the vagina. This can result from stretching or weakness of the supporting muscles. The muscles can weaken with age or the defect can be present at birth (congenital).

A urethrocele can develop if the supporting muscles become damaged from prolonged labor, childbirth and/or prior pelvic surgery.

Symptoms can range from incontinence (leakage of urine) to urinary retention or inability to fully empty the bladder, which may lead to bladder infections.

If there are no symptoms, then treatment may not be necessary. Treatment may include certain exercises to strengthen the pelvic muscles, or surgical correction in some cases.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.