What are other alternatives to aerobic activity and strength training?

There are no real alternatives to aerobic activity and strength training if you want to maintain and maximize your health.  If you are not comfortable going to a gym or doing traditional exercise programs, there are ways to get in the fitness you need to maintain your fitness. Going for a walk or doing strenuous chores around the house counts as aerobic activity. Moving your furniture while cleaning, doing heavy yard work, or carrying your kids around counts as resistance training. These really aren’t alternatives since you’re still performing a resistance training and aerobic exercise program. If you do not engage in some type of activity regularly that challenges your cardiorespiratory system and challenges your muscoskeletal system you will experience a gradual decline in health and fitness. Not engaging in some form of training for these two systems can dramatically increase your risk of heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and osteoporosis. It’s important to find some form of these activities you enjoy doing. 
Dr. Mike Clark, DPT

The world is your gym!  Be creative.

Walking, hiking, jogging, biking and swimming are all good aerobic activities. 

Body Weight exercises (push ups, squats, lunges, pull-ups) are great functional exercises that do not require any equipment and can replace "traditional strength training"

There are no alternatives to aerobic activity and strength training, because they are the pillars to improved health, body composition, et all. Along the same line their alternatives to improving your health, not replacing standard aerobic activity and strength training. The alternatives are limitless when utilizing your imagination, for example consider your geographic location. For example, I live in Honolulu, therefore utilizing the ocean, such as surfing, paddleboarding, swimming, and hiking, could be very beneficial to improving my health. Now, go out there look around and see how innovative you can be with your surrounding - no geographic location should be overlooked. You are only limited to your imagination. Take charge of your life!:) Mahalo. 

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.