What are the risks of estrogen-replacement therapy (ERT)?

If your menopause occurred naturally (without being prompted by surgery), estrogen-replacement therapy, or ERT, can cause vaginal bleeding, since it replaces the estrogen that helped cause menstrual periods. This bleeding may be regular, or there may be spotting. However, some studies show about 80% of women who receive estrogen replacement therapy or a combination of estrogen and progestin do not have bleeding after one year. The risk of uterine cancer also increases slightly during ERT, which can be managed through regular doctor visits and a screening called an endometrial biopsy. ERT also can cause a slight increase in the risk of breast cancer, as well as a small increase in the risk of headaches, gallstones, and fluid retention. However, there are generally more benefits with this therapy, including a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, than drawbacks.
Stop Osteoarthritis Now: Halting the Baby Boomers' Disease

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Stop Osteoarthritis Now: Halting the Baby Boomers' Disease

What exactly is this debilitating disease? It is an inflammation in or around the joints caused by wear and tear on the cartilage and bone, resulting in pain, swelling, or stiffness in the back,...

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.