What causes parathyroid disease?

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Joane Goodroe
Nursing

The most common parathyroid disease is one (or more) of the four parathyroid glands grows into a tumor. This tumor is usually non-malignant but it does a great deal of damage to the body. When the tumor is formed on the parathyroid gland, it secretes more parathyroid hormone (PTH) than it should. The increase in PTH circulates in the blood and takes calcium out of the bones and into the blood.

Too much calcium causes symptoms that affect your brain, your nervous system, your bones, your muscles (including your heart), your kidneys, and your intestinal function. Parathyroid tumors are associated with kidney stones and osteoporosis. There are so many other problems that a tumor of the parathyroid can cause including uncontrolled hypertension, spasm of the veins and arteries, heart racing, depression, dehydration, and many others.

Continue Learning about Endocrine System

Endocrine System

Your endocrine system works with your nervous system to control important bodily functions. The endocrine systems responsibilities include regulating growth, sexual development and function, metabolism and mood. The endocrine syst...

em also helps give your body the energy it needs to function properly. Endocrine glands secrete hormones into the bloodstream. Hormones are considered chemical messengers, coordinating your body by transferring information from one set of cells to another. Your endocrine system health can be affected by hormone imbalances resulting from impaired glands. A hormone imbalance can cause problems with bodily growth, sexual development, metabolism and other bodily functions. Endocrine system diseases or conditions include diabetes, growth disorders and osteoporosis.
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.