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What are the possible complications of a ruptured eardrum?

Possible complications of a ruptured eardrum include ear infections, hearing loss, and middle ear cysts. One of the functions of the eardrum is to provide a barrier between the ear canal and the middle ear. If this barrier becomes ruptured, it increases the risk for ear infections as it provides easier access for bacteria to enter the middle ear. Hearing loss very often accompanies a ruptured eardrum. Most of the time, this loss is temporary. However, one possible complication is that the hearing loss could become permanent. Another possible complication is related to the buildup of  wax, debris, and dead skin cells in the ear. All this debris typically migrates to the outer ear in the form of ear wax. If the eardrum is perforated, the debris can travel to the middle ear instead, which can introduce bacteria and other proteins that can damage the bones of the middle ear.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.