How can I manage the side effects of metolazone?

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Metolazone (Zaroxolyn, Mykrox) is a thiazide diuretic, a type of drug that helps limit absorption of salt and ends water retention. It is given to control high blood pressure, congestive heart failure and certain kidney diseases. If you experience any side effects while taking this drug, check with your doctor or pharmacist to see if they are typical. Many can be managed with simple lifestyle measures. For instance: take your pills in the morning if you need to urinate often at night; keep well-hydrated especially during summer months; chew gum, suck on ice chips, or eat hard candy to relieve dry mouth; use sunscreen, as your skin may become more sensitive to the sun's rays; get up slowly and wait for a few seconds before taking a few steps to avoid dizziness; spread out smaller meals over the course of the day to reduce nausea; add some extra fiber to your diet to control constipation; eat more foods that contain potassium, such as bananas or orange juice; eat less salt; and limit your alcohol intake. Check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking any new prescription, over-the-counter remedy, or dietary herbal or vitamin supplements.