Diet & Nutrition
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Sugar Facts

What's the difference between sugar and artificial sweeteners? Test your sweet smarts with this quiz.

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Sugar Facts
Sugar Facts
Question 1 of 20 Correct

True or false: High-fructose corn syrup is less healthful than sugar.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. High-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) and sugar are similar in chemical makeup. They're both a combination of fructose and glucose, just in different proportions. Consumption of too much sugar in any form is considered unhealthy. Some studies have shown that consumption of HFCS leads to greater weight gain in lab rats, but those studies haven't been duplicated in humans.

Sugar Facts
Question 2 of 20 Correct

True or false: Sugar can cause kids to become hyperactive.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Studies have shown that diet may contribute to attention deficit disorder and other behavior issues in children. But studies have failed to link hyperactivity and sugar consumption.

Sugar Facts
Question 3 of 20 Correct

How many pounds of sweeteners do Americans consume per capita each year?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Americans consume 132 pounds of sweeteners per capita, mostly in the form of sugar and corn-based sweeteners like high-fructose corn syrup.

Sugar Facts
Question 4 of 20 Correct

How many pounds of corn sweeteners are consumed per capita in the U.S. each year?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: The answer is 65 pounds. In 2011, studies show that for the first time since 1985, consumption of corn sweeteners fell below the consumption of sugar in the U.S.

Sugar Facts
Question 5 of 20 Correct

True or false: Type 2 diabetes is caused by overeating sugary products.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Other factors such as age and family history are higher risk factors than diet in the development of type 2 diabetes. However, being overweight increases your risk, and a diet high in calories, whether from sugar or from fat, can contribute to weight gain.

Sugar Facts
Question 6 of 20 Correct

Which of the following is the oldest artificial sweetener?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Saccharin was discovered in 1879 when a chemist at Johns Hopkins University found that the substance in coal tar tasted sweet.

Sugar Facts
Question 7 of 20 Correct

True or false: Honey has more nutrition than white sugar.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. The nutrients in honey and white sugar are about the same, but a teaspoon of honey weighs slightly more than a teaspoon of white sugar and has more calories.

Sugar Facts
Question 8 of 20 Correct

Which of the following is a sugar?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All three terms are commonly used to describe sugar on a food label. Other terms include corn sweetener, fructose, fruit juice concentrate, glucose, high-fructose corn syrup, maltose, molasses, sucrose and syrup.

Sugar Facts
Question 9 of 20 Correct

What are sorbitol, mannitol, xylitol and maltitol?

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The correct answer is: Sugar alcohols are carbohydrates that the body does not fully digest so they provide fewer calories.

Sugar Facts
Question 10 of 20 Correct

What side effects can sugar alcohols have?

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The correct answer is: Foods that contain sugar alcohols often carry a disclaimer that reads "Excess consumption may have a laxative effect."

Sugar Facts
Question 11 of 20 Correct

True or false: Saccharin may cause cancer.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Early studies linked saccharin and cyclamate to bladder cancer in laboratory animals. But subsequent human studies of artificial sweeteners have found no causal relationship.

Sugar Facts
Question 12 of 20 Correct

What happened to the artificial sweetener cyclamate?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Cyclamate was a popular sweetener in the early 1960s, but it was banned in 1969 by the FDA after studies linked it to cancer in lab animals. The sweetener is approved for use in many countries, including Canada, Mexico and Australia.

Sugar Facts
Question 13 of 20 Correct

True or false: Products made with saccharin must carry a warning label.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Until the year 2000, saccharin products had to carry labels with this warning: "Use of this product may be hazardous to your health. This product contains saccharin, which has been determined to cause cancer in laboratory animals."

Sugar Facts
Question 14 of 20 Correct

When was aspartame approved for use?

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The correct answer is: Discovered in 1965, aspartame was approved for dry goods in 1981 and then as a general sweetener in 1996.

Sugar Facts
Question 15 of 20 Correct

What does GRAS stand for?

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The correct answer is: GRAS is the term the FDA uses to define substances that are considered safe for human consumption.

Sugar Facts
Question 16 of 20 Correct

Stevia comes from what substance?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Stevia is made from an herb native to South America. It's said to be several hundred times sweeter than sugar.

Sugar Facts
Question 17 of 20 Correct

True or false: The FDA approved whole-leaf Stevia.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. The FDA has approved refined Stevia preparations containing rebaudioside A, but not the raw leaf or other crude extracts.

Sugar Facts
Question 18 of 20 Correct

Which is a naturally occurring sugar?

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The correct answer is: Lactose is sugar that naturally occurs in dairy products. Much of the sugar in our diets is added to processed foods.

Sugar Facts
Question 19 of 20 Correct

What is sucralose?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Splenda is sucralose, a substance the human body can't break down.

Sugar Facts
Question 20 of 20 Correct

True or false: Artificial sweeteners have been shown to help with weight loss.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Several large studies have actually found that participants who used artificial sweeteners gained more weight at follow-up than those who did not. Studies have also shown that use of artificial sweeteners alone do not help with weight-loss efforts.

Sugar Facts
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