What does semen analysis for detecting male fertility involve?

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Semen analysis forms the basis of the initial evaluation for assessing male infertility. Two to three semen analyses should be performed. Multiple analyses are necessary because semen findings normally fluctuate for a given individual. For each analysis, patients are instructed to abstain from intercourse for 2 to 3 days. It is critical that the specimen is:
  • collected in a nontoxic container;
  • not decreased due to spillage;
  • analyzed within 2 hours of collection.

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