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What happens after an abnormal semen analysis?

In the event that the semen analysis is abnormal, it should be repeated, and referral to a urologist who specializes in male infertility should be considered.
There are different problems that can cause an abnormal semen analysis. These problems include a low sperm count, poor sperm motility, abnormal morphology (shape), and abnormal sperm vitality. Fortunately, most of these problems do not cause complete infertility; it may just take longer to achieve conception. Typically, if a man has an abnormal semen analysis, it will be repeated in a couple of months for confirmation. If confirmed, a "wait and see" approach is often taken for a year. If the couple is unable to conceive after a year, other options such as in vitro fertilization are often considered.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.