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How do I interpret bone density test scores?

After you take a bone density test you usually receive two scores: a T score and a Z score. The T score is based on young adult women who have normal bone density. If your T score is more positive than-1, you have a healthy bone mass. If you score between-1 and-2.5 you have osteopenia, which means you are beginning to lose bone mass but do not yet have osteoporosis. If you score more negative than-2.5 you have osteoporosis.

The Z score is based on your age, gender, and ethnicity and compares you to others who are similar to you. It may help your doctor decide if there is another condition causing your bone loss. Like the T score, the more negative the Z score, the more likely you have osteoporosis.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.