Diabetes
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Diabetes 101

Nearly 24 million Americans have diabetes. Test your knowledge on managing, and even preventing, the condition.

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Diabetes 101
Diabetes 101
Question 1 of 20 Correct

True or False: Diabetes can be cured.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Diabetes cannot be cured, but it can be controlled through exercise, diet and medication.

Diabetes 101
Question 2 of 20 Correct

Which of the following is the number one complication of diabetes?

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The correct answer is: Though we often think of amputation and blindness as being major complications of diabetes, heart disease is the number one complication of diabetes.

Diabetes 101
Question 3 of 20 Correct

True or False: Only adults get adult-onset or type 2 diabetes.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. A growing number of teens and children are now being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes 101
Question 4 of 20 Correct

What does insulin do?

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The correct answer is: Insulin is a hormone that helps transport glucose, or blood sugar, from the blood to the cells, which use it as energy.

Diabetes 101
Question 5 of 20 Correct

What are beta cells?

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The correct answer is: Beta cells are in the pancreas, where they make insulin. In type 1 patients, these cells are destroyed or damaged and the body no longer produces insulin.

Diabetes 101
Question 6 of 20 Correct

Which of the following are risk factors of diabetes?

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The correct answer is: There are a number of risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including age, family history, being overweight, inactivity, ethnicity, past history of elevated blood pressure, vascular disease and gestational diabetes.

Diabetes 101
Question 7 of 20 Correct

Which of the following groups are at an elevated risk for diabetes?

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The correct answer is: All of the above. Pacific Islanders, Alaska natives and Asian Americans are also at higher risk.

Diabetes 101
Question 8 of 20 Correct

Who has the highest risk for type 1 diabetes?

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The correct answer is: Caucasians have an elevated risk of type 1 diabetes. Family history also raises your risk. If you have a parent, sibling or child with type 1 diabetes, your risk of developing it is 10 to 20 times higher.

Diabetes 101
Question 9 of 20 Correct

What is a hemoglobin (Hb) A1C test?

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The correct answer is: The hemoglobin (Hb) A1C test is routinely done during checkups for patients with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The A1C test will help make sure your blood sugars are not at dangerous levels.

Diabetes 101
Question 10 of 20 Correct

What is a fasting plasma glucose test?

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The correct answer is: A fasting plasma glucose test is a standard test for diagnosing diabetes. It's often given in the morning before food is consumed.

Diabetes 101
Question 11 of 20 Correct

True or False: A fasting plasma glucose test can miss some cases of diabetes.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Because the fasting plasma glucose test can miss some cases of diabetes, your doctor may administer an oral glucose tolerance test, which is also done after an eight-hour fast.

Diabetes 101
Question 12 of 20 Correct

Which of the following is often a symptom of diabetes?

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The correct answer is: Other symptoms include fatigue, blurred vision, increased hunger and slow-healing sores.

Diabetes 101
Question 13 of 20 Correct

True or False: If I have pre-diabetes, I will definitely get diabetes.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Pre-diabetes is indicated by blood sugar levels that are slightly elevated. For someone with pre-diabetes, losing weight and changing lifestyle habits can delay the onset of type 2 diabetes indefinitely.

Diabetes 101
Question 14 of 20 Correct

For someone with pre-diabetes, losing what percent of their body weight may help prevent the onset of diabetes?

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The correct answer is: Weight loss between 5 and 10 percent of your body weight can help stall the development of diabetes.

Diabetes 101
Question 15 of 20 Correct

Which of the following can cause blood sugar levels to increase quickly in diabetics?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Simple carbs like candies, cakes, fruit and dairy breakdown and enter the bloodstream rapidly -- causing the blood sugar levels to spike. Diabetics should choose complex carbs like vegetables, beans, whole grains and foods with fiber.

Diabetes 101
Question 16 of 20 Correct

True or False: Exercise can decrease blood sugar levels for up to 12 hours after you’ve been active.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Experts recommend you exercise at least 30 minutes a day if you have diabetes.

Diabetes 101
Question 17 of 20 Correct

While gestational diabetes often goes away after birth, what should patients worry about?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: A woman's risk for developing diabetes goes up even after gestational diabetes goes away.

Diabetes 101
Question 18 of 20 Correct

If you have diabetes, how often should you get your eyes examined?

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The correct answer is: Generally, you should get your eyes examined every year. A diabetes complication called diabetic retinopathy can leave you blind, but it is treatable if caught early.

Diabetes 101
Question 19 of 20 Correct

True or False: If you have diabetes, you are also at increased risk of high blood pressure.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: It's important to keep your blood pressure under 130/80 mmHg when you have diabetes. Lifestyle changes and medications can help.

Diabetes 101
Question 20 of 20 Correct

When might you need to check your blood sugar more frequently than normal?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. If you change your exercise habits, you may also need to check your blood sugar more frequently.

Diabetes 101
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Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes ...

is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.
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