7 AnswersYour doctor can diagnose diabetes by doing tests to measure the levels of sugar (glucose) in your blood. You might also experience symptoms of diabetes, including excessive thirst, frequent urination, increased hunger, and fatigue. There are several types of diabetes, but the most common are type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes (which develops during pregnancy).
2 AnswersThe best way to manage your diabetes while pregnant is to work with your doctor and other health experts to create the best plan for you. You should begin as soon as possible in your pregnancy. Your team of experts may include your endocrinologist or other diabetes specialist, your obstetrician and a dietician or diabetes educator. The overall goal of your health plan should be to keep your blood glucose levels as normal as possible throughout your pregnancy. Your doctor may recommend that you check your blood glucose levels many times a day and also set up a schedule for frequent checkups and lab tests to monitor your blood sugar levels and overall health. You may also need a fitness plan, with recommended ways to stay active during your pregnancy. A meal plan to help you make smart food choices and have guidelines on when and how much to eat may also be a good idea. With careful monitoring and proper care, you can have a happy, normal pregnancy and deliver a healthy baby.
The most important person involved in the treatment of diabetes is the person diagnosed with the disease. It is your diagnosis and you should have a say in care, an explanation of the illness, what lifestyle changes are necessary in remaining healthy, and what professionals will help you successfully manage your disease. The members of your healthcare team that will help you can include your physician, a certified diabetes educator, a dietician, a nurse, a nurse practitioner or physician's assistant, and whoever else is part of your medical team.
Ask questions and make sure they give you questions in a language you understand. It is best to write the questions down before you see your healthcare professional. Also, your family loves you and they need to be an important part of your treatment team. People can live long and healthy lives with diabetes. Make sure you get the help, support, and education you need.
2 AnswersAmerican Diabetes Association answeredThe American Diabetes Association does not recommend one diet over others to prevent diabetes. However, eating fewer calories and cutting down on saturated fat can help lower weight, blood glucose, blood pressure, and improve cholesterol levels. Here are some helpful tips:
- Choose lower-calorie snacks, such as having pretzels instead of potato chips
- Eat smaller servings of your usual foods
- Eat salad and at least one vegetable at dinner every night
- Use lemon juice or vinegar on salad instead of sald dressing
- Share your main course with a friend or family member when eating out
- Take home half your main course when eating out
- Cook in low fat ways: roast, broil, grill, steam, or bake, instead of deep-frying or pan frying
1 AnswerIn the minds of doctors, stem cell research holds the best promise for curing type 1 diabetes. Stem cells have the capability to become cells of different types given the proper environment and the correct chemical signals, and researchers have made excellent progress in turning stem cells into insulin-producing cells.
The advantage of stem cells is that, at least in theory, they can be grown in large numbers in the laboratory for use in patients, rather than having to depend on cells from organ donors.
Some people have objected to stem cell research, of course, because most early stem cells were obtained from human embryos. However, stem cells can also be obtained from other sources, including from adult tissues and maybe even from the individual seeking treatment. The hope for stem cell research is that cells can be obtained in a way that wouldn't pose any moral or ethical dilemma and grown in large quantities, coaxed into producing insulin like normal pancreatic beta cells, and then transplanted back into the person with diabetes.
If the stem cells could be obtained from the individual with diabetes, there might not be a need to take anti-rejection drugs, though the problem of autoimmunity that caused the diabetes to begin with would remain. Some form of immunosuppressive treatment might overcome this, or the person might require periodic stem cell infusions. There is even evidence that stem cells reside in normal pancreas tissue, and there may be the possibility that these can be triggered to form new insulin-producing cells in those with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
Like so much in medical research, the prospect seems close because we understand many of the fundamentals, but it is still far off because there are many daunting technical challenges. Still, stem cell research is just in its infancy, and we're optimistic that the ability to grow new cells and tissues will lead to treatments for diabetes that we can only dream of at present.
Find out more about this book:The Best Life Guide to Managing Diabetes and Pre-Diabetes
1 AnswerMediGuard answered
Levemir PenFill cartridges have been taken off the market in the United States. There is currently a Levemir Flexpen available and the vials of Levemir. Novolin N will still be available after the end of the year. NovoNordisk is going to discontinue making certain delivery devices of the Novolin N, including the PenFills and FlexPens.
1 AnswerA serious risk of taking Novolin, a form of insulin for people with diabetes, is hypoglycemia, which is low blood sugar. If after using Novolin you feel dizzy, faint or weak, or you start sweating, your blood sugar may have dropped too low. Talk to your doctor about what you should do if this occurs. You’ll probably be advised to eat something with sugar, such as some hard candies, or to drink half a glass of juice. Get medical help if you suspect your symptoms are severe or they don't go away after you eat sugar.
Other side effects can include signs of an allergic reaction, such as a rash, shortness of breath, blurred vision, wheezing, dizziness, fast heartbeat and trouble breathing or swallowing. If this happens, get emergency medical help right away. You may also experience redness, swelling or itching where the medicine was injected. Let your doctor know if this occurs.
1 AnswerDr. Robin Miller, MD , Internal Medicine, answered
Countless people with diabetes don't know they have it, and the earlier diabetes is detected, the better. In this video, Dr. Robin Miller talks about the benefits of free diabetes-screening programs.
1 AnswerEmilia Klapp , Nutrition & Dietetics, answeredThis is a blood test to diagnose diabetes that can be done any time of day. You are not required to fast beforehand. A result of more than 200 mg/dL usually indicates diabetes if the person also has symptoms such as weight loss, blurred vision, fatigue, excessive thirst and urination, and frequent infections that do not heal.
1 AnswerAmerican Diabetes Association answered
Random plasma glucose tests are the simplest way to detect diabetes. This test measures the amount of glucose in the blood at any given time and is done without fasting. If you have obvious symptoms of diabetes and the amount of glucose in your blood is 200 mg/dl or higher, you have diabetes. Symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, intense thirst, blurred vision, unexplained weight loss, and extreme tiredness.