Depression
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The Lowdown on Depression

There's a difference between feeling down and having clinical depression. Test your depression IQ with this quiz.

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The Lowdown on Depression
The Lowdown on Depression
Question 1 of 20 Correct

What percentage of people in the U.S. who will suffer from depression sometime in their lifetime?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: According to the National Institute of Mental Health, major depression is one of the most common mental disorders in the U.S. Up to 25 percent of Americans will suffer from major depression at some point in their lives.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 2 of 20 Correct

True or false: Depression is caused by chemical changes in the brain.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Most experts believe depression is caused by chemical changes in the brain. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that regulates mood and other bodily functions. Diminished serotonin levels may contribute to depression.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 3 of 20 Correct

True or false: Depression affects not just your mood but your body as well.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Major depression can interfere with your ability to work, sleep and interact with family and friends.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 4 of 20 Correct

Which of the following is a symptom of depression?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. To be diagnosed with major depression, a patient must experience at least five depressive symptoms that are present most of the day nearly every day for at least two weeks. Depressed mood, significant weight loss or gain, trouble sleeping, loss of energy, impaired concentration or recurrent thoughts of death and suicide are also symptoms.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 5 of 20 Correct

True or false: Men are more likely to experience depression than women.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Women are about 70 percent more likely than men to have depression during their lifetime. The risk is even higher for women between the ages of 25 and 44.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 6 of 20 Correct

Which of these groups is least likely to be diagnosed with clinical depression?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Women and older adults are most likely to be diagnosed, even though anyone can become depressed, at any age.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 7 of 20 Correct

Having which of the following family history factors can increase the risk of clinical depression?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Having any of these factors in your family history can increase the risk of clinical depression. Researchers suspect that at least part of the cause of major depression is genetic.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 8 of 20 Correct

What nutrients may help improve mood?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. While it's difficult to know exactly how much food contributes to your mood and mental health, the evidence is fairly strong for these nutrients.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 9 of 20 Correct

True or false: Self-medicating with alcohol or drugs can make depression worse.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Drinking or taking illegal drugs may temporarily make depressed persons feel better, but there is good evidence that these behaviors worsen depression. Sometimes addiction is the main disorder and depression follows.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 10 of 20 Correct

Which of these foods should be avoided to help control depression?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: While simple carbs such as candy and soft drinks offer a burst of energy, irritability and sleepiness can follow. Nutrient-rich foods are best to support depression treatment.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 11 of 20 Correct

Which of these medical conditions can cause depression?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. Many medical conditions can cause depression. In addition to these, sleep problems, allergies and addictions can lead to depression. These conditions must be treated first.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 12 of 20 Correct

Which type of exercise is a better mood booster?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Research suggests regular exercise may prevent depressive episodes in people with no past history of mood disturbance. Both aerobic exercise (such as walking, running or bike riding) and anaerobic exercise (such as weight training and stretching) are equally effective for enhancing mood. If you're depressed, talk to your doctor about starting an exercise program.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 13 of 20 Correct

How does major depression contribute to lost productivity at work?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. Depression causes sleep problems which can cause fatigue, irritability, unclear thinking and sluggishness. All of these can cause a loss of productivity at work. Depression costs an estimated $34 billion annually in lost productivity and absenteeism.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 14 of 20 Correct

Having a depressed mood is different from being clinically depressed. Which of the following can cause a depressed mood?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Any of these can cause a depressed mood. A formal diagnosis of clinical depression will rule out any of these other factors.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 15 of 20 Correct

True or false: It's possible to see a depression episode coming.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Awareness of moods and behaviors can help a person take early action when a depressive episode is coming on. The patient can develop a list of depression warning signs and ask friends and family to monitor them.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 16 of 20 Correct

Which of these is a good way to create and foster relationships?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Social isolation is a major contributor to depression. Secure, stable relationships are the foundation of healing. Volunteering can provide you with a source of social support.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 17 of 20 Correct

True or false: One episode of depression increases the risk of another.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Depression can be a chronic disease. Having one episode of depression increases the risk of having another by 50 percent.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 18 of 20 Correct

Besides sticking with depression treatment, what action can keep symptoms under control?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. Getting good quality sleep will help as well. However, depression can make it difficult to do these things.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 19 of 20 Correct

True or false: It's okay to stop taking medication if a person with depression feels positive for several days in a row and the treatment is working,

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Recovery from depression may include several good days in a row, which shows the treatment is working. But quitting medication or therapy based on this can lead to the return of symptoms.

The Lowdown on Depression
Question 20 of 20 Correct

How long is a typical treatment of antidepressants?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: American Psychiatric Association guidelines recommend that people with depression who have been successfully treated with antidepressants keep taking them for at least four to nine months.

The Lowdown on Depression
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You got out of 20 correct. You're a health wiz!

The Lowdown on Depression
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The Lowdown on Depression
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