The Facts About Depression
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The Facts About Depression

We may not know what causes depression, but we can identify certain risk factors. See how much you know about them with this quiz.

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The Facts About Depression
The Facts About Depression
Question 1 of 20 Correct

True or false: Having a poor diet may make you more susceptible to depression.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. A British study found that people who ate a diet high in fast food were more likely to report symptoms of depression. People who ate a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and fish were less likely to report being depressed.

The Facts About Depression
Question 2 of 20 Correct

True or false: "Having a nervous breakdown" is a clinical term.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. It's not a clinical term nor does it indicate a specific mental illness, but having a nervous breakdown is not a normal or healthy response to problems we're facing.

The Facts About Depression
Question 3 of 20 Correct

What does the term "clinical depression" mean?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: "Clinical depression" is a term doctors use to describe major depression or a major depressive disorder. Patients must meet symptoms spelled out in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Some symptoms include daily depressed moods, loss of interest in most activities, significant weight loss or gain, sleeping too much, fatigue and slowed thinking, among others.

The Facts About Depression
Question 4 of 20 Correct

True or false: Antidepressants may relieve both pain and depression.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Depression and pain share messengers in the brain, which is why prescription antidepressants are often prescribed for pain relief.

The Facts About Depression
Question 5 of 20 Correct

True or false: Caffeine consumption and depression are directly linked.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: There's no direct link. However, caffeine can affect sleep, which can affect mood. Lack of sleep can worsen depression.

The Facts About Depression
Question 6 of 20 Correct

Which vitamin deficiency is linked to depression?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Levels of B vitamins affect mood centers in the brain. Low levels of B-12 and other B vitamins such as vitamin B-6 and folate may be linked to depression.

The Facts About Depression
Question 7 of 20 Correct

What is the link between marijuana use and depression?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Some research suggests people who smoke marijuana are more likely to be depressed, but there's little direct evidence. It's possible that depressed people may use recreational drugs to cope with depression.

The Facts About Depression
Question 8 of 20 Correct

True or false: Antidepressants are less effective for mild depression.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Psychotherapy and lifestyle changes may be just as effective as taking medications for people with mild depression. Studies have shown antidepressants have little effect on mild depression.

The Facts About Depression
Question 9 of 20 Correct

Why should you never mix alcohol and antidepressants?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: In addition to all of the above problems, you may also become sedated. Certain antidepressants may produce a severe reaction in the presence of alcohol. And people with depression have a higher risk of substance abuse.

The Facts About Depression
Question 10 of 20 Correct

Which of the following is FDA approved for treatment of depression?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: None of the above. St. John's wort and SAMe are both commonly used in Europe to treat depression, but neither is approved by the FDA for treating depression. Currently, omega-3s are being studied as a mood stabilizer for bipolar disorder and a possible treatment for mild depression.

The Facts About Depression
Question 11 of 20 Correct

Which of the following is not a risk factor for depression?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Having high self-esteem is NOT a risk factor for depression. Risk factors for depression include low self-esteem, having few friends, having family members who've committed suicide, having relatives with a history of alcoholism, having just given birth and having traumatic experiences as a child.

The Facts About Depression
Question 12 of 20 Correct

What was the first antidepressant medication?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Tofranil, or imipramine, was introduced in 1958. Scientists looking for a treatment for schizophrenia discovered the drug had a positive effect on patients with severe depression. Tofranil had serious side effects including sluggishness and weight gain.

The Facts About Depression
Question 13 of 20 Correct

What chemical in the brain do Zoloft, Prozac and Paxil target?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: The drugs, which were introduced in the '80s and '90s, are known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and target serotonin, a compound that carries signals between nerves.

The Facts About Depression
Question 14 of 20 Correct

What functions does serotonin affect?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. It also influences temperature regulation, sleep, memory and learning.

The Facts About Depression
Question 15 of 20 Correct

Besides depression, what problems may an imbalance of serotonin cause?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. Doctors also think an imbalance causes anxiety. Researchers aren't certain that there's a connection between serotonin levels and any of these conditions because levels can't be measured in a living brain.

The Facts About Depression
Question 16 of 20 Correct

True or false: Antidepressants are the most prescribed drugs in the U.S. for people 18 to 44 years old.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Antidepressants are used by 11 percent of the U.S. population over the age of 11.

The Facts About Depression
Question 17 of 20 Correct

How much has antidepressant use increased since the early 1990s?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Antidepressant use has risen 400 percent since the early '90s. Not all the prescriptions are for depression. The drugs are prescribed for menopausal symptoms and for pain relief.

The Facts About Depression
Question 18 of 20 Correct

What percentage of people with severe depression take antidepressants?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Despite their popularity, only a third of people with severe depression take the drugs.

The Facts About Depression
Question 19 of 20 Correct

True or false: Teens who take antidepressants are at a higher risk for suicide.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. The elevated risk is the same for all classes of antidepressants.

The Facts About Depression
Question 20 of 20 Correct

What kind of episode can antidepressants cause in people with bipolar disorder?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Antidepressants can cause a manic episode in people with bipolar disorder. Unlike depression, bipolar disorder is often treated with a mood stabilizer and antimanic medication.

The Facts About Depression
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