How is stage I seminoma testicular cancer treated?

Mark S. Litwin, MD
Stage 1 seminoma testicular cancer is treated in two steps:
  • surgery to remove the main tumor
  • followed by either removal of the retroperitoneal lymph nodes to make sure they are cancer-free, or a chemotherapy, or three weeks of radiation to treat lymph nodes (step 2 in treatment depends on the type of tumor and patient preference).                                 
Doctors recommend step 2 even if your CT scans are clear and it does not look like the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes. There is a chance your lymph nodes might still be involved even if they didn't show up on the scans.

Continue Learning about Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer

Highly treatable, testicular cancer is one of the most curable types of cancer.Even when this rare cancer spreads to nearby lymph nodes, you have a 99% chance of surviving, and treatment is so effective that you have a 1 in 5,000 ...

chance of dying from this disease. Most testicular cancers begin with the abnormal production of the cells that produce immature sperm. Testicular cancer typically only affects one of the testes. Although most risk factors are not fully understood, you are several more times likely to develop this cancer if you have an undescended testicle. This cancer also tends to be more common among 15- to 34-year old males. See your doctor if you notice a mass in one of the testicles, feel fatigued or have an ache in the abdomen or groin. Surgical removal of the affected testicle a procedure called radical inguinal orchiectomy is the principal treatment to cure this cancer.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.