Burns

Burns

Burns are classified according to the severity of the injury to the skin and underlying tissues. The three burn categories are first-degree, second-degree, and third-degree burns, with first-degree burns being the most minor. If the first and second layers of skin have been burned, you have a second-degree burn. Second-degree burns can sometimes be considered minor. For both first- and second-degree burns, apply cool running water to the area for at least 10 minutes. This will help reduce swelling. The most serious burns are third-degree burns. Not only are all the layers of skin burnt, but muscle, fat, bone, and other tissues are temporarily or permanently affected. A third-degree burn requires medical attention. Another serious burn that may need treatment is an electrical burn, like from a power cable. These types of burns may cause internal damage, even if the burn does not leave a mark on the skin.

Recently Answered

  • 1 Answer
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    Unlike first-degree burns, which are generally minor, and third-degree burns, which are always serious, second-degree burns are a bit of a grey area. Some cases may be minor enough to be treated at home, but others can be more severe and require a doctor's care. Second-degree burns are named because they reach the second layer of skin, underneath the epidermis. In more minor cases, they may not extend much into the second layer and may not cause much damage. In serious cases, however, they may be deeper, more painful, and cause more damage. Regardless of what level your second-degree burn is at, you may want to see a doctor for treatment and care.

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    Calculating the body's total surface area of a large burn is important because it helps doctors determine a burn's severity. For adults, doctors often use the rule of nines. (Children have separate charts because of growing body proportions.) The head and neck, as well as each arm, are considered 9 percent of the body. Each leg, the torso, and the back are considered twice that, or 18 percent of the body. Once more than 10 percent of the body is burned, a burn is classified as serious.

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    If the burn is severe enough for the individual to be taken to the hospital, the doctor will take a history and perform a physical examination to determine the extent and severity of the burn. In determining the extent of the burn, the doctor may use a tool called the Rule of Nines. This tool is a formula that divides the surface area of the body into sections, each roughly 9%. Determining the amount of surface area burned helps the doctor with treatment of the burn. The doctor will determine whether the burn or burns are superficial, partial thickness, or full thickness and then begin appropriate treatment.

    Special charts are used to show what percentage of the body surface various body parts comprise. For example, in an adult, the arm constitutes about 9% of the body. Separate charts are used for children, because their body proportions are different. All first-degree burns as well as second-degree burns that involve less than about 15% of the body surface usually are classified as minor, although they may seem severe to the person. A third-degree burn may be classified as minor if it involves less than 5% of the body surface, unless it involves the face, hands, feet, or genitals. Burns involving these areas or involving deeper layers of skin over larger areas of the body are classified as moderate or, more often, as severe.

    In addition to the intensity, the total area of the burn is significant. This is usually measured in terms of percent of total body burnt. The skin acts as a barrier from the environment, and without it, patients are subject to infection and fluid loss. Burns that cover more than 15% of the total body surface can lead to shock and require hospitalization for intravenous fluid resuscitation and skin care.

    You should read product labels, and discuss all therapies with a qualified healthcare provider. Natural Standard information does not constitute medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.



    For more information visit https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/
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  • 5 Answers
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    Prevention goes a long way toward ensuring you and your children do not suffer the effects of burns.

    Prevention measures include:
    • Never leave small children alone in the home
    • Install smoke alarms in furnace and sleeping areas, and check batteries monthly
    • Plan several escape routes from the house and conduct home fire drills
    • Do not smoke in bed
    • Keep matches and lighters away from children
    • Be sure your gas water heater is off the ground. Spilled flammable liquids will be ignited by the pilot light
    • Do not clean clothes with flammable liquids
    • Have your heating system checked and cleaned yearly
    • Check electric appliances and cords regularly for wear or loose connections • Place fire extinguishers around the home where the risk of fire is greatest - in the kitchen and furnace room, and near the fireplace
    • In case of fire, get everyone outside right away.
    • Call the fire department from a neighbor's house

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    A , Health Education, answered
    How can you avoid burns during outdoor grilling?
    To avoid burns while grilling outdoors, make sure you protect your hands while cleaning the grill and any exposed surfaces, since it will still be quite hot. In this video, public health specialist Peter DeLucia, MPA, shares some burn safety tips. 
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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered

    Start by checking the temperature on your water heater. Household tanks are usually set at 140 degrees Fahrenheit (60 degrees Celsius), but even this temperature can cause a third?degree burn in mere seconds. If the temperature were higher, even by just 15 degrees Fahrenheit (9 degrees Celsius), you could get a major burn even faster. To prevent serious injury, consider lowering your tank's water temperature to 120 or 130 degrees Fahrenheit (50 to 55 degrees Celsius).

  • 1 Answer
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    Most illnesses shouldn't have any effect on minor electrical burns. More serious electrical burns, however, are very susceptible to infection. Somebody who is already fighting an infection or has an impaired immune system could be at a higher risk for complications with their electrical burn, which can cause sickness or death.
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    Thermal burns: Thermal and chemical burns usually occur because heat or chemicals contact part of the body's surface, most often the skin. Thus, the skin usually sustains most of the damage. However, severe surface burns may penetrate to deeper body structures, such as fat, muscle, or bone. Hot metals, scalding liquids, steam, and flames, when coming in contact with the skin, can cause thermal burns.

    Chemical burns: Chemical burns are caused by caustic substances that contact the skin. Caustic substances are sometimes found in household products, including those containing lye (in drain cleaners and paint removers), phenols (in deodorizers, sanitizers, and disinfectants), sodium hypochlorite (in disinfectants and bleaches), and sulfuric acid (in toilet bowl cleaners). Many chemicals used in industry and during armed conflicts can cause burns. Wet cement left on the skin can cause severe burns as well.

    Radiation burns: Radiation burns are burns due to prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays (UV) of the sun or to other sources of radiation, such as x-ray or gamma radiation therapy for cancer. Radiation burns can also be caused by tanning booths and sunlamps. A sunburn is literally a burn on the skin from ultraviolet radiation. The consequence of this burn is swelling and redness of the skin. Injury can start within 30 minutes of exposure. UVA and UVB refer to different wavelengths in the light spectrum. UVB is more damaging to the skin and the main UV cause of skin cancer. Both UVA and UVB are responsible for photo aging (premature aging of the skin and wrinkles) and sunburn. UVA rays are predominately responsible for the aging process. Tanning beds produce both UVA and UVB rays.

    Electrical burns: An electrical burn may appear minor or not show on the skin at all, but the damage can extend deep into the tissues beneath the skin. If a strong electrical current passes through the body, internal damage, such as a heart rhythm disturbance or cardiac arrest, can occur. Sometimes the jolt associated with the electrical burn can cause the individual to be thrown or to fall, resulting in fractures or other associated injuries.

    You should read product labels, and discuss all therapies with a qualified healthcare provider. Natural Standard information does not constitute medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.



    For more information visit https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/
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  • 1 Answer
    A
    Most illnesses shouldn't have any effect on minor burns. More serious burns, however, are very susceptible to infection. Somebody who is already fighting an infection or has an impaired immune system could be at a higher risk for complications with their burns, which can cause sickness or death.
  • 1 Answer
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    Third-degree burns:

    • Are the most harmful. The skin is completely burned.
    • Have a whitish or charred area.
    • Do not hurt when touched because the nerves in the skin have been destroyed.
    • May cause your child to need skin grafts or special care if the burn is larger than a half-dollar.

    Treatment:

    Your child’s doctor will talk with you about specific care for your child. Some general guidelines to follow include:

    • The doctor should see all third-degree burns, even small ones.
    • It is very important to return for a check-up or dressing change as your child’s doctor orders. Keep the dressing in place until your return visit.