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What are blood thinners?

Anticoagulants and platelet inhibitors (aka blood thinners) cause your blood to take longer to clot, which can reduce the risk of strokes and heart attacks that can occur when blood clots get stuck in small blood vessels. Blood thinners include the following group of drugs (generic drug names are listed in lowercase letters):

Anticoagulants:
  • dalteparin sodium (Fragmin)
  • enoxaparin (Lovenox)
  • fondaparinux (Arixtra)
  • heparin sodium
  • warfarin (Coumadin)
Platelet inhibitors:
  • aspirin
  • cilostazol (Pletal)
  • clopidogril bisulfate (Plavix)
  • dipyramidamole (Persantine)
  • prasugrel (Effient)
  • ticagrelor (Brilinta)
  • ticlopidine (Ticlid)
Direct thrombin inhibitor:
  • dabigatran (Pradaxa)
Factor Xa inhibitors:
  • rivaroxaban (Xarelto)
  • apixaban (Eliquis)
Grant Cooper, MD
Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
The term "blood thinner" generally refers to drugs such as warfarin (Coumadin), Plavix, or aspirin, all of which have the property of reducing the clotting time of the blood and preventing the formation of blood clots.
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.