Most chronic back pain is due to a few problems: 1. The shape of our spine, 2. How we use our spine, and 3. The forces pulling our spine into one direction or another.
How the Shape of the Spine Relates to Back Pain
The spine has curves and these curves serve a function which is to allow the spine to bend and twist without straining tissues.
Not everyone’s curves are the same though. Some people have more or less curve than others. These changes are then reflected in how we move our backs. How we bend or twist can cause back pain. To fix back pain, you must be aware of these issues as well as the forces tugging on your spine.
Forces Acting on Our Spine
One of the primary systems creating back pain involves the legs and pelvis. The pelvis is the foundation upon which the spine rests. The way the pelvis rests and moves therefore affects how the spine rests and moves.
For instance, if the pelvis is tilted too far forward, then the spine must adjust by increasing its lumbar curve. This increase creates stress to the tissues of the spine including disks, ligaments, bony articulations, and tendons because it changes how the spine moves.
The opposite can also occur when the pelvis is tilted too far backward, reducing the lumbar curve and stressing the tissues of the spine in the opposite fashion.
The orientation of the pelvis while standing also affects spinal movement. This issue biases the spine to either flex too much or too little during bending or lifting activities, stressing tissues. Over time, vulnerabilities are established in these tissues which, when exposed to repeated stresses, cause pain or disk deformities--such as disk bulges or herniations.