Antidiabetic

Antidiabetic

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  • 1 Answer
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    A , Pharmacy, answered
    Glucotrol XL is the extended-release version of Glucotrol (glipizide), a prescription drug used to treat type 2 diabetes. Glucotrol XL is released at a slower rate in the body, so it is usually taken once a day. People who take Glucotrol typically take more than one dose a day.
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    Aspart insulin is a rapid-acting insulin. On average, aspart insulin starts to lower blood glucose within 10 to 20 minutes after injection. It has its strongest effect 1 to 3 hours after injection but keeps working for 3 to 5 hours after injection.
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    A , Pharmacy, answered
    The SymlinPen contains the diabetes drug Symlin (pramlintide). Symlin is an injected medication used by people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes to help keep blood sugar from rising too high after eating. The SymlinPen comes preloaded with the drug; you adjust a dial to deliver the dose your doctor prescribed.
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    A , Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism, answered

    Detemir is a basal insulin sold under the brand name Levemir. Basal insulins are in essence “time release” insulins that are designed to have a blood sugar lowering effect that lasts for an extended period of time.

    The idea is that the patient would take one shot and be set for the day.

    In Type-1 Diabetics, detemir can be used as a foundation therapy to control blood sugar overnight and between meals, but those of us with T-1 will still need to take a meal time insulin as well.

    In Type-2 Diabetics, if they suffer from an overall elevation of blood sugar night and day, with minimal rises after meals, a detemir shot can often be used monotherapy to control the blood sugar. (Monotherapy is just a big word for it’ll do the whole job all by itself with no other drugs needed!).

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    Exenatide (brand name Byetta) is the first in a new class of drugs for the treatment of type 2 diabetes called incretin mimetics.

    Exenatide works to lower blood glucose levels primarily by increasing insulin secretion. Because it only has this effect in the presence of elevated blood glucose levels, it does not tend to increase the risk of hypoglycemia on its own, although hypoglycemia can occur if taken in conjunction with a sulfonylurea. The primary side effect is nausea, which tends to improve over time.

    Exenatide is injected with meals and patients using exenatide have generally experienced modest weight loss as well as improved glycemic control.
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    Exenatide (brand name Byetta) is the first in a new class of drugs for the treatment of type 2 diabetes called incretin mimetics. Exenatide is a synthetic version of exendin-4, a naturally-occurring hormone that was first isolated from the saliva of the lizard known as a Gila monster.

    Exenatide works to lower blood glucose levels primarily by increasing insulin secretion. Because it only has this effect in the presence of elevated blood glucose levels, it does not tend to increase the risk of hypoglycemia on its own, although hypoglycemia can occur if taken in conjunction with a sulfonylurea. The primary side effect is nausea, which tends to improve over time.

    Exenatide is injected with meals, and patients using exenatide have generally experienced modest weight loss as well as improved glycemic control. Exenatide has been approved for use by people with type 2 diabetes who have not achieved their target A1C levels using metformin, a sulfonylurea, or a combination of metformin and a sulfonylurea.
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    Lispro insulin is a rapid-acting insulin. On average, lispro insulin starts to lower blood glucose within 5 minutes after injection. It has its strongest effect 30 minutes to 1 hour after injection, but keeps working for 3 hours after injection.
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    A , Nutrition & Dietetics, answered
    Low blood sugar is the most common side effect. There are many causes of low blood sugar, including taking too much Humalog. It is important to treat it quickly. You can treat mild to moderate low blood sugar by drinking or eating a quick source of sugar (such as juice or candy) right away. If severe, low blood sugar can cause unconsciousness, seizures, and death. Symptoms may be different for each person.

    Severe life-threatening allergic reactions can happen. Get medical help if you develop a rash, have trouble breathing, rapid heartbeat, or sweating. Local or injection reactions can also happen. Don’t inject Humalog into an area that is red, swollen, or itchy. Other reactions include swelling of the hands and feet, low potassium, and weight gain.

    Side effects are individual and you should talk to your doctor about any of these that you may be experiencing.
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    A , Emergency Medicine, answered
    People taking liraglutide for a year along with a program of diet and exercise lost an average of 18.5 pounds. Most people who continued taking it for a second year remained at least 5% below their starting weight. People who lost weight while taking liraglutide had improvements in their blood pressure, cholesterol, and triglycerides. Rates of prediabetes also dropped.

    People with obesity and type 2 diabetes who took 3 mg of liraglutide daily lost an average of 14 pounds over a year. Their HbA1c and blood glucose levels were also reduced. This enabled some to stop taking other diabetes drugs, some of which cause weight gain as a side effect. 

    This answer was adapted from Sharecare's award-winning AskMD app. Start a consultation now to find out what's causing your symptoms, learn how to manage a condition, or find a doctor. 
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    A , Emergency Medicine, answered
    Side effects may include headache, indigestion, nausea, low blood sugar, diarrhea, constipation, vomiting, and skin problems at the injection site. Some people taking liraglutide developed pancreatitis, gallbladder disease, kidney disease, allergic reactions, or suicidal thoughts or behavior. Liraglutide has caused thyroid tumors in animals. 

    This answer was adapted from Sharecare's award-winning AskMD app. Start a consultation now to find out what's causing your symptoms, learn how to manage a condition, or find a doctor.