What is aortic rupture?

Mark J. Russo, MD
Thoracic Surgery (Cardiothoracic Vascular)
Aortic rupture is a tear through both the inner and outer walls of the aorta that can lead to severe internal bleeding. Because the aorta is so close to the heart, the pressure inside the aorta is very high so blood will be pumped through the rupture very quickly, possible also forcing the opening to enlarge. This makes aortic rupture extremely dangerous. Aortic diseases that involve weakening in the walls of the aorta, such as aortic aneurysm or aortic dissection pose a great risk of aortic rupture.
Aortic aneurysms, weakened, bulging areas in the aorta walls, can burst or rupture, causing life-threatening bleeding or hemorrhage.

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