What are the standard treatments for anal cancer?

Three main types of standard treatment are used: chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. Most often a combination of chemotherapy and radiation is used, avoiding surgery when possible. Chemotherapy uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, usually 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and mitomycin. Radiation therapy kills or disrupts cancerous cells using high-energy X-rays directed at the cancer (a process known as external-beam radiation therapy) or radioactive substances implanted in or near the cancer (brachytherapy). Surgical treatment physically removes the cancerous tissue.

Continue Learning about Anal Cancer

What increases my risk for developing a carcinoid tumor?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)
A primary risk factor for developing a carcinoid tumor is having a family member with a history of d...
More Answers
What are the tests for anal cancer?
Riverside Cancer Care CenterRiverside Cancer Care Center
The following tests and procedures may be used to test for anal cancer: Physical exam and history: A...
More Answers
What are the ways that anal cancer can spread in the body?
Riverside Cancer Care CenterRiverside Cancer Care Center
Cancer is said to be metastatic when it moves from its place of origin to other parts of the body. C...
More Answers
What are the risk factors for anorectal cancer?
NewYork-Presbyterian HospitalNewYork-Presbyterian Hospital
Individuals infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) and anal or genital warts are at an increased r...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.