How is amenorrhea diagnosed?

Darcy N. Bryan, MD
OBGYN (Obstetrics & Gynecology)
Amenorrhea is diagnosed by a patient's history, says Darcy Bryan, MD, of Riverside Community Hospital. In this video, she shares what it means, and how the cause can be evaluated.

The causes of amenorrhea can be determined through a number of tests. A pregnancy test will indicate if the absence of menstruation signifies an abnormality in the body, rather than the natural amenorrhea in pregnancy or breastfeeding women. Primary amenorrhea is diagnosed by checking for other results of puberty such as breast development and bodily hair. To diagnose secondary amenorrhea, doctors ask about the regularity of previous menstruation cycles, medication, nutritional or exercise habits, and family history. Pelvic exams can be done to check for problems with the reproductive organs such as tumors. Other imaging tests like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or ultrasound can also detect tumors or growths. Furthermore, blood tests can check for hormonal imbalances by measuring both estrogen and androgen levels in the blood. Finally, doctors can prescribe a hormone medication called progestogen, which can determine if a lack of estrogen is the cause of amenorrhea.

Continue Learning about Amenorrhea

Is there a cure for amenorrhea?
Sigma NursingSigma Nursing
For many women with amenorrhea, they can regulate their menstrual cycles with a healthy lifestyle th...
More Answers
How do I manage primary amenorrhea on a daily basis?
Sigma NursingSigma Nursing
Primary amenorrhea may require daily management if the cause is related to lifestyle factors or requ...
More Answers
Should I talk to my doctor about my primary amenorrhea symptoms?
Sigma NursingSigma Nursing
The main symptom of primary amenorrhea is being over 16 years of age and not ever having started men...
More Answers
What is amenorrhea?
Boston Women's Health Book CollectiveBoston Women's Health Book Collective
Some women experience the absence of menstrual periods or extremely light periods; this is called am...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.