Allergies Treatments

Allergies Treatments

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  • 2 Answers
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    Sublingual immunotherapy, a method for treating allergies, can be given via injections or oral drops. The advantages to the drops are:

    • Convenience - patients can take the drops on their own, from home, rather than go to the doctor's office every week for injections
    • Cost - when compared with the cost of allergy shots, sublingual immunotherapy may be a more economical choice
    • Safe and effective - sublingual immunotherapy is safe for adults and children, and scientific studies have shown that it significantly reduces allergy symptoms.
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  • 1 Answer
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    A , Emergency Medicine, answered
    If you see someone having an allergic reaction:

    •  Do not pick up animals that can bite or sting.
    •  Do not rub or squeeze irritated area.
    •  Do not apply a tourniquet.
    •  Do not squeeze out a stinger.
    •  Do not harass or tease any animals.
    •  Do not elevate body part that has been bitten or stung.
    •  Do not stop person from taking own medication for allergic reaction.
    •  Do not give the victim anything by mouth other than their allergy medication.
    •  Do not make a victim vomit after eating food that he or she is allergic to.
    •  If reaction is severe, get medical help immediately.
    •  Identify the allergen.
    •  Help the victim administer own medication for allergic reaction.
    •  Monitor for responsiveness and breathing.
    •  Monitor and treat for shock if present.
  • 1 Answer
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    A , Dermatology, answered
    To treat allergic skin, look for petrolatum, glycerin, sodium PCA, sodium hyaluronate, and urea in the skin care products used.
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    A , Allergy & Immunology, answered
    The first major advantage allergists such as ourselves offer is that we are up on the latest medications targeted at specific conditions. We read the literature on trials, we go to the meetings where these drugs are presented, and we talk with the people at the companies that produce them.

    So chances are we have the latest weapons in our arsenal, whereas a busy GP, who has to keep up with developments in a broad array of specialties, won't.

    Second of all, because we know the strengths and weaknesses of the full allergy pharmacopoeia, we recognize that there are certain trailing-edge medications that still have their uses for limited purposes.

    Another advantage of the allergist's approach to using medications is that we are aware of the chemistry behind a particular medicine and thus might use it in ways that are not enumerated in the Physicians' Desk Reference (PDR) or on the literature from the manufacturer.
  • 1 Answer
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    What is oral immunotherapy?
    Oral immunotherapy involves eating small amounts of the allergic food and building up a tolerance to it over time. Jessica Savage, MD, Clinical & Laboratory Immunologist at Brigham and Women's hospital explains this breakthrough allergy treatment.
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    A , Emergency Medicine, answered
    Side effects may include redness, warmth, or swelling at the injection site. These are common. Less than 1% of people have a more severe, systemic reaction. This may include a drop in blood pressure, sudden closure of airways in the lungs (bronchospasm), or a life-threatening allergic reaction. Any severe reaction will almost always occur within 30 minutes after an injection. Your doctor will ask you to wait 30 minutes before leaving the clinic. 

    This answer was adapted from Sharecare's award-winning AskMD app. Start a consultation now to find out what's causing your symptoms, learn how to manage a condition, or find a doctor. 
  • 1 Answer
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    A Allergy & Immunology, answered on behalf of
    An allergist is the specialist who will help you get the right medical care for your allergy. Consider the following facts:
    • Only one-third of patients with allergy symptoms actually have allergies. This means most patients are getting a partial/wrong diagnosis.
    • Up to 67 percent of patients with allergy symptoms might be getting unnecessary and often ineffective treatment.
    • Most primary care physicians (88 percent) incorrectly thought seasonal allergy symptoms were caused by food allergy. Fewer than 30 percent of primary care physicians know how to correctly interpret food-allergy lab results.
    • More than half of potentially life-threatening anaphylaxis episodes are misdiagnosed in the emergency room (ER).
    • Only 9 percent of ER physicians use the current practice guidelines to diagnose anaphylaxis, and the correct life-saving treatment (epinephrine) was used in less than half of those patients. 
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    A , Allergy & Immunology, answered
    One of the dreams of allergists is the idea of an "anti-IgE" medication (anti-immunoglobulin E), one that would block the action of the antibody IgE present in the patient from reacting with the offending allergens and so setting off an allergic response. The experimental drug TNX-901, which is noted for its prophylactic use against peanut allergy, was supposed to be such a drug. However, it was discontinued.
  • 1 Answer
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    Immunotherapy treats the cause of allergies by giving small doses of the allergen to the patient. Exposure to these small doses increases the immunity, or tolerance, to the allergen and reduces the allergic symptoms. Unlike injection immunotherapy, sublingual immunotherapy is given as drops under the tongue. The process for sublingual immunotherapy is:

    • Your doctor confirms the allergies through allergy testing
    • Your doctor prepares a custom-mixed vial of drops
    • You take the drops under the tongue daily
    • During the first four months, called the "escalation phase," your dosage is gradually increased. After that, in the "maintenance phase," you take the same dose of drops each day.

    It is recommended that you continue to take the drops for three to five years, so that the body is able to build up a lasting immunity.

    Sublingual immunotherapy is safe for both adults and children. It is also more convenient than weekly injections, as patients are able to take the drops in their own homes, instead of going to the doctor's office every week. In addition, when compared with the cost of shots, sublingual immunotherapy may be a more economical choice.

  • 1 Answer
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    A , Internal Medicine, answered
    Anti-inflammatory agents used for allergies include corticosteroids that dampen inflammation; mast cell stabilizers, which reduce the chemicals that fan the inflammatory response; and antileukotrienes, which reduce leukotrienes, chemicals that inflame the tissue of the airways. Antileukotrienes are used primarily in cases of persistent asthma.