Allergies Treatments

Allergies Treatments

Recently Answered

  • 2 Answers
    A
    A , Internal Medicine, answered
    With the right doctor, sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) allergy drops may be a safe and effective way to control allergies. Here's what to expect:

    First, you get an allergy test to identify what you are allergic to: tree pollen, mold, pets, dust mites -- the whole roster of possible allergens. That's generally done with a scratch test, in which you are checked for an allergic reaction to as many as a dozen allergens at the same time and get results in about 20 minutes. You might be given a blood test first, but a blood test isn't always a reliable way to identify what's bothering you.

    Once the allergist knows what you react to, he or she creates a regimen of SLIT allergy drops that contain small amounts of those allergens. You give them to yourself at home every day (no weekly office visits for immunotherapy injections; that's the standard approach). Over many months, your exposure to the allergens is increased and you may become desensitized to them. For some people, allergy symptoms don't go away; for others, they become milder or even disappear.
    See All 2 Answers
  • 1 Answer
    A

    Currently, there is no cure for skin allergies or for any other type of allergies. However, there are very effective treatments that can control and reduce skin allergy symptoms. Helpful treatments include topical medications that can be applied directly to the affected area, and oral medications that work through the blood stream. Through a combination of avoiding any known allergy triggers and using the right medications if symptoms do happen, people with skin allergies can usually live relatively normal, symptom-free lives.

  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Emergency Medicine, answered
    If you see someone having an allergic reaction:

    •  Do not pick up animals that can bite or sting.
    •  Do not rub or squeeze irritated area.
    •  Do not apply a tourniquet.
    •  Do not squeeze out a stinger.
    •  Do not harass or tease any animals.
    •  Do not elevate body part that has been bitten or stung.
    •  Do not stop person from taking own medication for allergic reaction.
    •  Do not give the victim anything by mouth other than their allergy medication.
    •  Do not make a victim vomit after eating food that he or she is allergic to.
    •  If reaction is severe, get medical help immediately.
    •  Identify the allergen.
    •  Help the victim administer own medication for allergic reaction.
    •  Monitor for responsiveness and breathing.
    •  Monitor and treat for shock if present.
  • 2 Answers
    A

    Sublingual immunotherapy, a method for treating allergies, can be given via injections or oral drops. The advantages to the drops are:

    • Convenience - patients can take the drops on their own, from home, rather than go to the doctor's office every week for injections
    • Cost - when compared with the cost of allergy shots, sublingual immunotherapy may be a more economical choice
    • Safe and effective - sublingual immunotherapy is safe for adults and children, and scientific studies have shown that it significantly reduces allergy symptoms.
    See All 2 Answers
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Allergy & Immunology, answered
    The first major advantage allergists such as ourselves offer is that we are up on the latest medications targeted at specific conditions. We read the literature on trials, we go to the meetings where these drugs are presented, and we talk with the people at the companies that produce them.

    So chances are we have the latest weapons in our arsenal, whereas a busy GP, who has to keep up with developments in a broad array of specialties, won't.

    Second of all, because we know the strengths and weaknesses of the full allergy pharmacopoeia, we recognize that there are certain trailing-edge medications that still have their uses for limited purposes.

    Another advantage of the allergist's approach to using medications is that we are aware of the chemistry behind a particular medicine and thus might use it in ways that are not enumerated in the Physicians' Desk Reference (PDR) or on the literature from the manufacturer.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    What is oral immunotherapy?
    Oral immunotherapy involves eating small amounts of the allergic food and building up a tolerance to it over time. Jessica Savage, MD, Clinical & Laboratory Immunologist at Brigham and Women's hospital explains this breakthrough allergy treatment.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Allergy & Immunology, answered
    Current research holds the promise of much safer courses of immunotherapy. One promising avenue is changing the allergy material so that it provokes a good immune response but without being allergenic enough to provoke an allergic response. This is much like a classic vaccination.

    Another exciting development, now in final stages of evaluation, is the second type of allergy shot. This is anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE), in effect an antibody to the allergic antibody, which would be injected into the blood stream or beneath the skin and accomplish what would otherwise require a lengthy course of traditional allergy shots. If you block or neutralize the functioning of the allergic antibody IgE, allergies get better. Laboratory anti-IgE has shown in trials to effectively improve asthma and allergies, including peanut allergy, the most critical and stubborn food-allergic problem. It also helps remove IgE antibodies, accelerating the traditional immunotherapy process. Thus, high or maintenance levels of allergy vaccine may be administered much sooner than with conventional immunotherapy.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Family Medicine, answered
    There are so many allergy remedies out there, including antihistamines, decongestants, and expectorants. It's often tough to figure out when to take which drug. Here are the basics:
    • Decongestants simply narrow the blood vessels in the lining of the nose, allowing air to pass more easily. Use these when your nose is stopped up. Caution: do not use if you have high blood pressure, as they can potentially raise your pressure.
    • Antihistamines block the release of histamine, the chemical in your body that causes cells to swell and leak fluid, resulting in itchy eyes, sneezing, and runny nose. Use these to dry up, but not when you are simply stuffy.
    • Expectorants are all medications that include guaifenesin. This drug breaks up mucus, allowing it to drain down from sinuses or be coughed up from your lungs. It won't work if you are dehydrated, so drink extra water, especially if you are also taking an antihistamine, because they dry up mucus and that makes it tougher to break up and clear. Use these when you have sinus and ear pressure or if you have a cold that seems to settle in your chest. There is little evidence-based medicine to support the use of these, but clinically doctors see them do a great deal to relieve head congestion and help avoid the use of antibiotics.
  • 2 Answers
    A
    A , Internal Medicine, answered
    According to the World Health Organization, sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) allergy drops are a viable alternative to immunotherapy injections, and they've been used successfully for years in Europe. The safety record is very good and major studies have demonstrated their effectiveness, but although the drops are Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved in the U.S. (the ingredients are the same as what's in immunotherapy injections), the delivery method is not. It's considered off-label use.

    Is it right for you? If you have allergies year round and they interfere with your daily routine, immunotherapy may provide enormous relief. You should explore your options: shots or drops.
    See All 2 Answers
  • 1 Answer
    A
    There are many treatments for allergy symptoms. There are many medications available to take such as antihistamines that stop the allergy reaction or decongestants that help with the stuffy or runny nose. Other treatments include salt water nasal rinses, humidifiers, nasal steroids, and nasal sprays. It is also helpful to avoid things that trigger allergies.